Cement dust exposure symptoms

  • from dust inhalation in miners. Exposure to respirable (fine) Asbestosis symptoms can range from mild to severe, and usually don't appear until many years after continued exposure. and have concomitant occupational dust exposure, as well as chronic  Respiratory tract symptoms reported in this study among the exposed workers to PM were cough,  Nov 14, 2018 Cement dust are respirable in size due to its micro Conclusions: The frequency symptoms had correlation with their nature of work in the  Aug 21, 2014 Adverse health effects from concrete or cement are generally the result of Skin Contact Getting cement dust or wet concrete on your skin can  Inhalation – inhaling cement dust may occur when workers empty bags of cement to make concrete. Dust-reducing coating was sometimes applied to Background: Chronic exposure to cement dust has been reported to lead to several health problems. The EPA recommended that consumers reduce the low risk associated with the occasional use of vermiculite during gardening activities by limiting the amount of dust produced during vermiculite use. 05 to 34 mg/m3, with a mean concentration of 1. The research, published level of FENO. Symptoms of acute silicosis include more rapid onset of severe disabling shortness of breath, cough, weakness, and weight loss, often leading to death. 8. Chronic exposure to coal dust, particularly high levels, can Cement and asphalt pavement. IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. In 1713, Bernardino Ramazzini noted asthmatic symptoms and sand-like substances in the lungs of stone cutters. Airborne cement dust may cause immediate or delayed inflammation, eye irritation, abrasion, red eye, chemical burns and blindness. ferric oxide (0–5%). Do not of bags. You may not feel pain or the severity of the burn until hours after the exposure. The dust blocks skin pores. In some cases, cement can harden in the gastrointestinal tract and cause obstruction. Inhalation Contact with dust: Rinse area with plenty of water. Symptoms typically worsen over time as scarring in the lungs  Apr 14, 2010 Total cement dust exposure was related to acute respiratory symptoms and acute ventilatory effects. Silica dust exposure to construction worker sawing masonry Concrete, concrete block, cement, mortar When clinical symptoms of silicosis are present, they. and leather goods such as watchbands and belts. Symptoms of chronic exposure to wet cement may include reddening, irritation, and eczematous rashes. Thermal hazards Wear appropriate thermal protective clothing, when necessary. Cement dust exposure has previously been associated with airway symptoms and ventilatory impairment. 7. Many years can elapse before noticeable symptoms of silicosis occur, such as shortness of breath and a dry cough. But the long-term effect of this exposure won’t be known for years. Generally, 2 mg of calcium oxide is considered safe for food use; however, concentrations of 25 mg can produce serious side effects including lung inflammation, according to a 2007 report by the Occupational Safety and Health Administration, or OSHA. Use a NIOSH/MSHA approved respirator if there is a risk of exposure to dust/fume at levels exceeding significant spillages cannot be contained. High levels of dust can be produced when cement is handled, for example when emptying or disposing of bags. Cement dust exposure is associated with increased respiratory impairment. Concrete cutting can also produce high levels of dust, which contains silica. Concrete dust may be irritating. Manual handling Working with cement also poses risks such as sprains and strains, particularly to the back, arms, and shoulders from lifting and carrying cement bags, Tiny filaments in your nose and bronchial tubes trap some dust particles, but they can't block all the particulates in clouds of drywall sanding dust. Asbestos is a natural mineral product that's resistant to heat and corrosion. This article is for information only. There is no measurement data published about cement dust at construction sites at all. Avoid inhalation of dust from the spilled material. When cement reacts with water, for instance when making concrete or mortar, or when the cement becomes damp, a strong alkaline solution is produced. We have been using fiber cement siding but are growing concerned with the exposure to crystalline silica that is typical in most products. . Information on demographic and respiratory symptoms was collected by questionnaire. General hygiene considerations as washing When using, do not eat, drink or smoke. Do not dry sweep spilled material. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Chlorinated lime poisoning occurs when someone swallows chlorinated lime. Several studies have shows linkages between cement dust exposure, chronic impairment of lung function and respiratory symptoms in human population. Usually there is immediate deposition of fine dust into nostrils and upper airways after inhalation. What is the difference between inorganic and organic dust? Insulation made of cement sheet, millboard, and paper used around  Jun 29, 2015 It often is caused by breathing in the dust of crystalline silica, which can be Many job tasks place workers at risk for inhaling silica dust, NIOSH notes, However, common symptoms include severe coughing, feeling weak  evaluate the impairment of pulmonary function and respiratory symptoms of Malaysian cement factory workers after exposure to dust in their occupational. Interactions between industrial dust diseases and infection may also be signficant, particularly in low-income countries with a high incidence of HIV. , 2004) and respiratory cancer (Smailyte et al. between exposure to cement dust and acute, respiratory symptoms and changes in lung function. Get medical attention if irritation develops or persists. (COPD) among workers exposed to cement dust at a Tanzanian cement factory. Seek medical treatment in all cases of prolonged exposure to wet cement, cement mixtures, liquids from fresh cement products, or prolonged wet skin exposure to dry cement. When sanding, grinding, cutting, drilling or breaking up  Dec 23, 2013 Could inhalation of a large amount of cement dust cause respiratory failure in Hello I had the same symptoms nauseous dizzy, headache and . Another form of exposure was the stacking of the cement sheet products, which emitted toxic dust into the air. None of the previous studies have reported on the possible health effects following improvement of dust control measures in the cement factory. Apr 24, 2016 Long-term occupational exposure to cement dust is associated with an cement production has been shown to cause airway symptoms and  Dec 8, 2015 Construction site workers exposed to airborne silica sand may be at The symptoms of silicosis can vary depending on whether a patient is  The prevalence of symptoms and mean pulmonary function indices were These findings do not support the hypothesis that cement dust exposure has a  exposure to this dusty environment causes respiratory symptoms in those that cement sellers may be exposed to respirable dust levels, as high as 2  Jul 2, 2018 Background: Cement factory workers are exposed to dangerous cement dust while at workplace especially in the developing countries where  For information on protecting workers from harmful exposure to silica dust, see the Concrete, concrete block, cement, and mortar; Masonry, tiles, brick, and refractory brick It is possible to have silicosis without showing any symptoms at first. Prevent burns and skin and eye irritation by avoiding skin contact and eye contact with cement dust or wet cement. Lung function tests were carried out on 56 cement factory workers with mean years of exposure to cement dust of 10. Repeated or prolonged exposure to respirable (airborne) crystalline silica dust will cause lung damage in the form of silicosis. Scabbling or concrete cutting can also produce high levels of dust that may contain silica. Medical Conditions Generally Aggravated by Exposure: Individuals with sensitive skin and with Page 2 of 10 Safety Data Sheet . Other individuals may develop allergic dermatitis after repeated exposure to cement. Inhalation of Airborne Dust Remove to fresh air. In the short term, exposure to high levels of cement dust irritates the nose and throat. Its deposition in the respiratory tract causes a basic reaction leading clean-up. They are made mainly of silicon and oxygen, but they also contain other elements. Few studies have been carried out on acute effects of cement dust exposure. Silicosis can cause a nodular type of lung fibrosis, tuberculosis, and kidney disorders. Even so, it is imperative to get medical aid on experiencing inhaling and exhaling issues or another signs and symptoms associated with exposure to asbestos 2,4-D - Identification, toxicity, use, water pollution potential, ecological toxicity and regulatory information Note : See Working with the Information on this Page section below for important notes about this data. Effects of exposure to Portland cement dust on lung function in Portland cement factory workers in Khash, Iran. Many patients are unaware that their home or workplace could be the breeding ground to their symptoms. 1 mg/m3 (Respirable Dust) Portland Cement (65997-15-1) ES-TWA: 10 mg/m3 (Respirable Dust) PPE Wear dust proof goggles/safety glasses and rubber or PVC gloves. IF INGESTED: Irritating to mouth, throat and stomach. Additional Information CEMENT CONTACT DERMATITIS: Individuals using wet cement, mortar, grout or concrete could be at risk of developing cement dermatitis. Inhalable dust and cement dust (based on analysis of elemental calcium) concentrations were determined. Cement dust irritates the skin, the mucous membrane of the eyes and the respiratory system. Two hundred and ten subjects (50 workers, 60 residents, and 100 controls) aged 18–60 Dust Exposure and Respiratory Symptoms among Cement Factory Workers in the United Arab Emirates. Your attorney can Signs of Asbestos Exposure. In a cement fac-tory in Ethiopia there was an association between respi-rable dust and peak expiratory flow recorded after shift [4]. 0 Symptoms of chronic exposure to wet cement may include reddening, irritation, and eczematous rashes. Occupational lung diseases are preventable. silently over the next decade or longer, until there are gradual symptoms such as cough and shortness of breath. Conclusion: The personal exposure to respirable cement dust increases the risk of lung impair-ment by highly developing respiratory health symptoms, reducing lung function level and increasing the higher level We included former workers and made an individual estimation of particle exposure to reduce the selection bias in this controlled cross-sectional study on the effects of cement dust exposure on respiratory symptoms and ventilatory function in long-term exposed Norwegian cement plant workers. Mirzaee R, Kebriaei A, Hashemi SR, Sadeghi M, Shahrakipour M. As the major occupational hazard in the cement production industry is cement particles, our aim was to more thoroughly examine the acute effects of occupational exposure to cement dust on the respiratory system. Wear appropriate protective equipment and clothing during clean-up. Most of it will get cleared during the next few days with slight cough. Cuts or wounds heal very slowly and infections are likely. Symptoms of exposure include itchy, tender, swollen, hot, cracked or blistering skin with the potential for sensitization. The research, published Hexavalent chromium causes an allergy known as occupational asthma. If your employer will not work with you, seek employment elsewhere. These fibers are found in soil and rocks in many parts of the world. A review of cement studies has indicated that cement workers might be exposed to dust levels ranging 11–230 mg m −3 for total dust and 2–46 mg m −3 for respirable dust (Fairhurst et al. The Steinberg Law Firm is evaluating claims for a Silicosis Lawsuit. 04. skin. Learn about respirable silica dust, exposure risks and the health effects of silica exposure. The impact of cement dust exposure on the peak expiratory flow rate (PEFR), liver function, and some serum elements in workers and residents near cement factory were assessed. The vital capacity (3. As in any toxic exposure claim, silica dust exposure lawsuits can often be complex. LaSalle Street, Suite 2000 Chicago, IL 60604 James Hardie® recommended best practices for handling fiber - cement: Keep exposure to dust as low as reasonably possible. Difficulty breathing and a cough develop in later stages. Typically, it is brought on by excessive exposure to dust and dirt inhalation. of lung function and respiratory symptoms such as cough, phlegm, and  Silicosis is a form of occupational lung disease caused by inhalation of crystalline silica dust. Consult your doctor after exposure to or consumption of pulverized lime. Avoid prolonged exposure to dust. The current occupational exposure limit for total cement dust (10 mg/m) appears to be too high to prevent respiratory health effects among cement workers. safety data sheet: masonry mortar and stucco cements revision date: 5/4/15 page 4 Section 9 – Physical and Chemical Properties Physical State Solid, powder Specific Gravity 2. However, collective effort describing the general effects of cement dust on different organ and systems in humans or animals, or both has not been published. com] Long-term exposure to cement dust at levels that are comparable to the present occupational exposure limits could cause a decline in lung volumes, according to a new study. ) Chronic exposure to cement dust may induce adverse health effects, including a significant decrease in lung function. Wash clothing, hands, forearms and face thoroughly after handling This is an excellent question and the answer to it will vary depending on what type of dust you have breathed in. This is also known as silicoproteinosis. In this study we assessed effect of cement dust exposure on respiratory function in a cement production factory. The aims of this study is to investigate the differences of respiratory symptoms and pulmonary impairment between exposure and unexposured region by dust from Semen Padang factory. A respiratory symptoms questionnaire was completed and pulmonary function tests were carried out on 94 exposed and 54 non exposed workers at a cement factory in the east of Iran. Beyond the immediate dangers from handling cement and inhaling its dust, long-term effects include the development of allergic reactions. Most of the existing evidence of the deleterious effects of exposure to cement dust on human health is based on studies conducted in occupational setting [3-7] while very few have investigated the effect Cement contains hexavalent chromium, which is a human carcinogen. Cement dust inhalation is associated with deleterious health effects. exposed to airborne dust on a construction symptom. The allergy usually lasts a lifetime and prevents any future work with wet concrete or powder cement. 77, No. But, in the modern era, there is also increasing interest in other dust-related diseases, such as cancer, asthma, allergic alveolitis, and irritation, as well as a whole range of non-respiratory illnesses, which may occur at much lower exposure levels. Anyway, there was a lot of dry cement dust that hadn’t contacted water, thus was ripe to react with our lungs. For someone with heavy dust exposure over many years, the dust contributes as much to COPD as smoking does. Abstract. Quickly and gently blot or brush away excess portland cement. In short term, such exposure irritates the noise and throat and cause choking and difficult breathing. Terms explained. Do searches on the Internet for concrete dust exposure. 1%) of free crystalline silica. The workers studied were exposed to 570llg/m3 respirable dust and 2900llg/m3 total dust. Silicosis Lawsuit. Exposure to dust may cause immediate or delayed irritation or inflammation. A respiratory symptoms questionnaire was completed and Cement Burns On Skin And Cement Poisoning Symptoms. Given the widespread occupational exposure to cement dust, it was felt important that HSE develop an updated position in relation to carcinogenicity. But as soon as the cement is demolished or destroyed, it becomes a major exposure risk again. [sciencedaily. carcinogenicity with cement dust was not reassuringly negative, albeit largely based on concerns for stomach cancer. Heavy exposure to masonry cement dust, wet mortar or associated water requires prompt attention. In addition, silica exposure has been linked to other illnesses including lung cancer and kidney disease. It begins with irritation to the nose, mouth and lungs. Do not get Portland cement inside boots, shoes, or gloves. Quickly remove contaminated clothing, shoes, and leather goods such as watch-bands and belts. Exposure to Portland cement dust has long been associated with the prevalence of respiratory symptoms and varying degrees of airway obstruction in man. The changes which occur in the lungs vary with the different types of dust. symptoms. Excessive exposure to skin and eyes especially when mixed with water can cause caustic burns as severe as third degree. kilns and cement mills Maintain dust levels below the recommended exposure standard. Eye contact . Abrasive blasting of concrete and other materials (especially where sand is used as the abrasive). However, the dust concentration in the Rawang cement plant is much higher, exceeding 3000llg/m3 and 5000llg/m3 for fine and total dust, respectively in some Demographics, dust exposure history, symptoms, spirometry, exhaled nitric oxide and blood (for immunoglobulins, cytokines, cell counts and surface markers) were obtained from 15 cement masons and 24 electrician controls. 4. The aim of this retrospective cohort study was to elucidate the association between dust exposure in the cement industry and cancer occurrence. Eye contact: Dust can cause temporary mechanical irritation of eyes. That dust contains hexavalent chromium, a compound that irritates the skin and produces burns and rashes. [ncbi. A skin exposure may be hazardous even if there is no pain or discomfort. Exposure Standards Crystalline Silica (Quartz) (14808-60-7) ES-TWA: 0. And yes, I'm grabbing at straws to find a feasible cause for my PEs. Chemical burns must be treated promptly by a physician. 81 mg/m3) in Cement crushing units. Concrete burns are a serious, sometimes disabling problem for exposed workers. Respirable crystalline silica limits are specified by OSHA and MSHA and identified in Section 8 of this MSDS. Home remedies for fiberglass dust exposure: Preventing inhalation of dust in the lungs with wearing proper mask around the nose and mouth is the best remedy to keep away from fiberglass dust exposure during its sawing, cutting process. Methods:Personal total dust-exposure measur This was a major problem on Navy ships, where asbestos dust would become concentrated in rooms where sailors lived, worked and slept. Participate in training, exposure monitoring, and health screening and surveillance programs to monitor any adverse health effects caused by crystalline silica exposures. I have seen some studies released that would interest you. This simply means "dusty lung". More severe effects, including chemical (caustic) burns and skin ulcers may occur. H402 - Harmful to aquatic life. Inhalation of cement dust may occur when workers empty bags of cement. Int J Occup Environ Health 2004; 10: 147-149. Note that if wet cement stays longer on the skin, the effects will be worse; immediate action is crucial. , 2004). Dust pneumonia is an acute type of respiratory distress that can develop into an infection of the lungs. However, there is a disease called acute silicosis which can occur after only a few months to years of breathing in very high concentrations of quartz. Fiber cement board is popular for construction activities and siding, but the dust from cutting the boards can lead to a deadly lung disease called silicosis. The person may have some mild symptoms before that, but they are usually not severe enough for the patient to seek medical attention. For most, it entails long term exposure, but I was reading that, for some, you only need short term exposure. Also daily exposure to various dusts from building materials while using a vacum to clean up job sites. , after welding or flame cutting of galvanized steel, high temperature zinc coating processes, or metal pouring in brass foundries; (Brass is an alloy of copper and zinc. This free online tool allows users to enter a construction task, proposed controls, and other variables and obtain a predicted exposure level based on exposure data from trusted sources. Ready mixed concrete was identified as an industry to investigate because of the potential to dust exposure associated with increasing cement factories [7, 8]. exposure. Quickly remove contaminated clothing, shoes. This study is conducted to investigate the associations between current "total" dust exposure and acute respiratory symptoms and respiratory function among cement factory workers. Keep people away from and upwind of spill/leak. As well as some cement dust all without wearing resperation. Is it safe to buy a home with cement asbestos siding? Most cementious building materials are considered to be non-friable, and are probably less hazardous than other friable asbestos products such as asbestos pipe insulation. 58 / Monday, March 26, 2012 / Rules And Regulations And According To The Hazardous Products Regulation (February 11, 2015). Symptoms will include progressively more difficult breathing, cough, fever, and weight loss. Normal human skin has a pH of 5. For example, the injury caused by exposure to silica is marked by islands of scar tissue surrounded by normal lung tissue. ABDULLAH 2 1 Department of Environmental Health, College of Health Sciences, University of Sharjah, United Arab Emirates To manage a dust allergy, it’s best to avoid the things most likely to cause an allergic reaction. Abstract: This study was conducted in a cement factory in the United Arab Emirates to assess cement dust exposure and its relationship to respiratory symptoms among workers. In an exposure-response study, Mwaiselage et al. Persons already sensitized may react to the first exposure to cement. ratory symptoms among exposed workers were subjective. Silicosis is a pulmonary disease that is caused by exposure to minute particles of dust which can get into a person's lungs. Background: The cement factories have a waste product such as dust that had negative impact on respiratory system. Several clinical and epidemiological studies have shown an increased incidence of impairment of respiratory and a prevalence of respiratory symptoms among cement pro- treatment in all cases of prolonged exposure to wet cement, cement mixtures, liquids from fresh cement products, or prolonged wet skin exposures to dry cement. Chromium to the respiratory tract. Breathing in silica dust can cause lung tissue to scar, a condition referred to as Cement does not meet the criteria for PBT or vPvB in accordance with Annex XIII of REACH (Regulation (EC) No 1907/2006). Pulmonary effects of occupational exposure to Portland cement: A study from eastern Saudi Arabia. These associations were not affected by smoking. This is a preview of the 7-page document. If you have severe symptoms, But it’s still used in items like vinyl floor tiles, cement pipes, clothes, and brake pads. The Occupational Health & Safety Administration estimates that 1. Heavy exposure to portland cement dust, wet concrete or associated water requires prompt attention. OLERU Department of Community Health, College of Medicine, University of Lagos, PMB 12003, Lagos, Nigeria Received May 28, 1982 The pulmonary and nonpulmonary effects of cement dust exposure in 52 randomly selected, directly exposed cement workers and 24 maintenance Occupational exposures to dusts and chemicals (vapors, irritants, fumes) also cause COPD; the specific exposures in construction linked to COPD are wood dusts, cadmium, silica, welding fumes, cement dust, asbestos, and possibly isocyanates. Pulmonary function and symptoms of Nigerian workers exposed to cement dust. Medical Conditions Generally Aggravated by Exposure: NONE Emergency and First Aid Procedures: Demolishing concrete, fibre cement and masonry structures. We present a case of mul-tifocal pneumonitis induced by acute cement-dust inhala-tion which resulted in acute respiratory distress cement reacts chemically with water to produce calcium hydroxide that can cause severe chemical burns. Exposure to dust Exposure to cement dust has recently been associated with laryngeal cancer (Diertz et al. Drying, thickening, and cracking of the skin and nails may also occur. Eye contact Exposure to airborne dust may cause immediate or delayed irritation of 231 S. The chemicals present in the cement form blisters, sores, and painful lesions anywhere they come in contact on the body. 2016 Study establishes lung health response to cement dust exposure. The study investigated whether the prevalence of COPD and respiratory symptoms was associated with working at different tasks exposed to varying levels of cement dust. A NIOSH scientist shows how to prone to cement dust exposure. Asbestos Dust Hazards from Cement-asbestos Wall Shingles or Roofing Products. Immediately wash thoroughly with lukewarm, gently cement reacts chemically with water to produce calcium hyrdroxide that can cause severe chemical burns. It was used extensively in the past in products such as insulation, cement and some floor tiles. The present study was done to assess cement dust exposure and its relationship to respiratory health effects, both acute and chronic respiratory symptoms and ventilatory function impairment among Portland cement factory workers in Khash located in the south part of Iran. Long-term exposure to cement dust at levels that are comparable to the present occupational exposure limits could cause a decline in lung volumes, according to a new study. Cement is capable of causing dermatitis by irritation and allergy. But evidence for respiratory effect of cement dust exposure has not been conclusive. A total of 149 exposed and 78 unexposed workers participated in this cross-sectional study. If that doesn't work, there are several over-the-counter and prescription medications that can help relieve the symptoms of a Exposure is commonplace in construction, especially with those working with products like brick and cement. Mold in homes can be a costly and dangerous problem, particularly when infestations of toxic black mold occur. type of lung irritation caused by toxins, liquids, gases, small particles, dust, fumes, Signs and symptoms of chemical pneumonia vary greatly, and many factors For instance, someone exposed to chlorine in a large outdoor pool may have  result in accelerated or acute silicosis, in which symptoms develop much earlier. nih. Every attempt should be made to avoid skin and eye contact with cement. There are 2 main types of asbestos: Both types of asbestos have been Portland cement may contain trace amounts (<0. Exposure to dry cement kiln dust may cause drying of the skin with consequent mild irritation or more significant effects attributable to aggravation or other conditions. The aim of the present study was to examine lung  Apr 21, 2016 Long-term exposure to cement dust at levels that are comparable to the inhalation of dust among this group of workers to airway symptoms  The most common early symptoms are a chronic dry cough and shortness of breath with physical Millions of workers are exposed to dust containing silica. 24 black rats, comprising of 12 rats from the cement factory and 12 rats from an environment free from cement dust were used for the study. Occupational exposure and 25-year incidence rate of non-specific lung disease: the Zutphen Study. Exposure: occupational exposure to cement production dust, and exposure  Cement Dust Inhalation. Workers in cement factories are exposed to different health hazards during cement production and handling, including cement dust, high temperature, and noise. At-Risk Occupations for Silica Dust Exposure: Asbestos is a group of minerals that occur naturally as bundles of fibers. Skin contact may result in moderate irritation to thickening/cracking of skin to severe skin damage from chemical burns. of prolonged exposure to wet cement, cement mixtures, liquids from fresh cement products, or prolonged wet skin exposure to dry cement. Pollutant – a substance that has been introduced to the environment and has undesired or negative effects. The truth be told, we all breathe in lots of dust everyday. Previous studies on cement production have focused on dust exposure among process operators and machine attendants. There are multiple diseases which might occur after one was exposed to asbestos, from non-malignant conditions such as pulmonary fibrosis or diffuse pleural thickening to mesothelioma or lung cancer. G. Figure 4: Chest X-ray showing  Jan 5, 2016 The impact of cement dust exposure on the peak expiratory flow rate . workplace exposure. They found that the vital capacity and forced expiratory volume in one second were significantly lower in cement factory workers than in control subjects. Symptoms/Injuries After Skin Contact: Contact with wet cement may cause abrasion of the skin and contact dermatitis (cement dermatitis), the symptoms of which include (but may not be limited to) reddening, irritation, and rash. Silicosis - Learn about the causes, symptoms, diagnosis & treatment from the Silicosis is permanent scarring of the lungs caused by inhaling silica (quartz) dust . Total cement dust exposure was related to acute respiratory symptoms and acute ventilatory effects. Apart from respiratory diseases, it was also found to be the cause of lung and laryngeal cancer, gastrointestinal tumours and also dermatitis. The body has to react to the particulate matter and begin an inflammatory response. Move injured person into fresh air and keep person calm under observation. Iran J Environ Health Sci Eng. 05). However, its effect on cancer seems inconclusive in epidemiologic studies. It usually takes decades of breathing in quartz-containing dust to develop silicosis. This study is conducted to investigate the associations between current "total" dust exposure and acute respiratory exposure to cement dust and respiratory symptoms or ventilatory function in USA cement workers. g. ) living around a Portland Cement Company in Sagamu, Ogun State, Nigeria. It resembles asthma but is caused by the dust. 8 – 3. 2±5. 3 million people are exposed to the dangerous of asbestos exposure every year in the work place and should be aware of symptoms of asbestos exposure that may indicate serious underlying health problems. You may wish to hire a personal injury lawyer if you need legal representation in a silica dust exposure lawsuit. rinsing. Federal and state authorities have passed laws requiring workers who cut or grind materials such as concrete, brick, stone, or granite to wear respirators or other devices designed to protect them from breathing in these materials. Key terms cement worker; chronic respiratory symptom; cross-sectional study  Symptoms may be mild, moderate, or severe in intensity, or even . Its cause is the long-term exposure to dry cement dust. ity. On cement dust exposures in cement plants only limited data is available. June 2006 exposure to laminate bamboo flooring dust as well as other laminate flooring dusts. Wet cement also burns the skin. with more than 20 years of exposure to cement dust. These exposure limits cover dust from all types of materials, including: stone, brick, concrete, drywall, wood, and wood composites. It can lead to serious, sometimes fatal, health problems. Initial exposure to silica dust will cause irritation of the eyes, nose and throat like most other dusts. Skin affected by dermatitis may include symptoms such as, redness, itching, rash, scaling, and cracking. The dermatitis is due to the presence of soluble (hexavalent) chromium. These are an air exposure pathway (through which people may contact contaminants released in cement kiln stack emissions) and a settled dust exposure pathway (through which people may contact dust containing some cement or clinker dust from the plant). The construction workers were spreading a dry cement mixture on the cobbles and then they were just spraying a little water and using a squeegee to spread the mixture and get it between the cobbles. 05/07/2018 EN (English US) 2/11 repeated exposure (Inhalation). Oct 1, 2018 Learn more about the causes, risk factors, symptoms, treatments, Most people get silicosis because they're exposed to silica dust at work. 10 There are limited published cases on the acute effects of cement dust inhalation. Vacuum the dust from your clothes or change into clean clothing before leaving the work site. Environmental precautions MSDS: Lafarge Portland Cement dermatitis may include symptoms such as, redness, itching, rash, scaling, and wash skin after exposure to dust or wet cement. Intensity of silicosis symptoms depends on the duration and quantity of silica dust inhalation. Nevertheless, the high dust exposure levels of some of the cement workers indicate the need for even more targeted efforts to reduce dust exposure levels. common form and generally develops only after exposure over decades. Heavy material- proper lifting methods or equipment. disease is clearly related to the amount of dust exposure and the length of time (usually years) of exposure. Symptoms,ventilatoryfunction, andenvironmental exposures to non-cement dust similar to those ofthe cement workers, about half of whom performed Thus dust exposure Background. Machine guarding Cement Dust Hazard: Exposure to cement dust can irritate eyes, nose, throat and the upper respiratory system. Chlorinated lime is a white powder used for bleaching or disinfecting. And even in acute cases, the symptoms will usually not show up for at least 6 to 8 weeks after massive exposure. PDF | Exposure to Portland cement dust has long been associated with the prevalence of respiratory symptoms and varying degrees of airway obstruction in man. A combined cross-sectional and cross-shift Most of the studies have been previously attempted to evaluate the effects of cement dust exposure on the basis of spirometry or radiology, or both. Longer term Medication can help, and you can also take simple steps to keep the dust mites away. 3. Cement Kiln Dust (CKD) Safety Data Sheet According To Federal Register / Vol. Exposure was a continuous problem in an asbestos cement factory, but one of the most serious risks was the arrival of the raw mineral, which came in sealed bags that were opened by hand. DO NOT use it to treat or manage an actual poison exposure. Once asbestos cement is set, it generally keeps toxic mineral fibers contained. Inhaling cement dust can cause coughing, wheezing, and difficulty breathing. Asbestos symptoms are indicators of the serious adverse health problems that are caused by dangerous levels of asbestos exposure. Even if little visible concrete dust is present in the air, the silica levels may exceed the OSHA permissible exposure limit. Silicosis is a lung disease that is caused by unprotected occupational exposure to airborne silicon dioxide or silica dust. Get medical attention if symptoms persist. Industrial Hygiene Survey of Respirable Crystalline Silica Dust Exposure in the Ready-Mixed Concrete Industry (Goby, 1995) Purpose of study: NIOSH investigated respirable crystalline silica exposure in industries where silica is a constituent material. If respiratory symptoms persist, consult physician. exposure potentially can affect respiratory function. Symptoms/injuries after inhalation : May cause respiratory irritation. Video About Silicosis Once this migration occurs the filters need to be changed or dust will continue to be exhausted from the vacuum and into the air. The increasing exposure to respirable dust significantly reduces the FVC% of manufacturing workers (r=-0. CPWR's Exposure Control Database can help you anticipate and control worker exposures to silica, welding fumes, lead, and noise. I may be one of those unlucky people. +3. Use a NIOSH/MSHA approved respirator if there is a risk of exposure to dust at levels exceeding the exposure limits. Shorter duration of exposure and inhalation of minimal amounts of silica (simple silicosis) : Development of tiny nodules does not compromise lung “When cement dust is swallowed, it puts organs such as the stomach, kidney, and heart at risk. The condition gets worse until exposure to even minute quantities triggers a severe reaction. Aspiration hazard: Based on available data, the classification criteria are not met. The authors conclude that a close relationship between dust exposure in cement factories in the United States and respiratory symptoms or impairment has The symptoms of silicosis are non-specific and may be seen with many other respiratory conditions. Many particles are invisible. Dust your body with talcum powder before you start work with fiberglass. At the start of a 4-yr prospective cohort study in 2007, exposure to cement dust, symptoms and lung function were recorded cross-sectionally in 4,265 employees in 24 European cement plants. Collect the material using a method that does not produce dust such as a High-Efficiency Particulate Air (HEPA) vacuum or thoroughly wetting down the dust before cleaning up. Acute and chronic exposure to quartz are associated with the provocation of an inflammatory response and triggers an extensive host defense mechanism. Immediately wash thoroughly with lukewarm, gently flowing water and non-abrasive pH natural soap. Due to the high alkalinity, wet cement may provoke skin and eye irritation. The exposure to these particles can cause scar tissue in the lungs making it difficult for the person to breath. Avoid actions that generate dust and cause dust to become airborne. Symptoms to Watch For. Eliminate exposure to that dust! dust and other components that may pose inhalation hazards. Inhalable dust exposures at the construction site ranged from 0. Inhalation: Seek medical help if coughing or other symptoms persist. OSHA sets exposure limits for dust, chemicals and other materials that employees may be exposed to at work or on a jobsite. What are the symptoms of silicosis? The first symptoms of silicosis are often The author of the current case study "Dust Exposure and Respiratory Symptoms" states that Ahmed & Abdullah work, “Dust Exposure and Respiratory Symptoms among Cement Factory Worker in the United Arab Emirates” (2012) was done by 25 August 2011 and published online 28 February 2012… Is exposure to airborne concrete, stone, brick, or granite dust hazardous to my health? Posted December 8, 2015 by Jim Orr. Apart from respiratory diseases, it Some types of lung diseases caused by the inhalation of dust are called by the general term "pneumoconiosis". The present study was designed to investigat e the effect of cement dust exposure on lung function in Nigerians because of paucity of such data. Methods. Particles – tiny solid and liquid substances that can float in the air. There are only a few follow-up studies of respiratory function among cement workers. The symptoms and health effects of black mold exposure and black mold poisoning cover a wide range of health problems, but understanding the indicators can help keep you and your family safe. 0 mg/m3. Toxic Mold Signs and Symptoms. Heavy exposure to portland cement dust, wet concrete or associat-ed water requires prompt attention. Implementing measures to control dust and  Cement dust exposure has previously been associated with airway symptoms and ventilatory impairment. between exposure to cement dust pollution and respiratory symptoms such as cough, wheeze, increased phlegm production, bronchitis and asthma. Treatment for concrete poisoning. any contact lenses. among the workers are most likely due to exposure to high concentrations of irritant cement dust [14]. Cement Type 1-2 Cement Type 1-2 However, when water is added to cement, calcium hydroxide is formed, which is extremely alkaline with a pH of 12 to 13. For inhalable cement dust mean exposure was 0. Symptoms from both silicosis and COPD may not be obvious and can initially include shortness of breath, chest pain, or a persistent cough. The symptoms of allergic reactions may include reddening of the skin, rash, and irritation. The general health problems that may arise from prolonged exposure to cement dust were investigated using black rats (Rattus rattus L. Exposure to airborne dust may cause immediate or delayed irritation of the eyes. investigated the effect of cement dust exposure on cement factory workers with a mean of 10 years exposure to cement dust on lung function. Some individuals who are exposed to wet or dry product may exhibit an allergic response, which can result in symptoms ranging from mild rashes to severe skin ulcers. Environ Res 1984;33:379-85. digestive tracts due to chemical (caustic) burns, including third degree burns. Skin and eye contact with cement should be avoided. Yes, I checked that out. Continue to rinse for at least 15 minutes. However, this particular study was the first of its kind and helped establish the relationship between cement dust exposure and lung volume decline. Objectives:To compare total dust exposure, prevalence of chronic respiratory symptoms, lung function, and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) among Tanzanian cement workers before (2002) and after (2010–2011) establishment of dust-control measures. Do not breathe dust. Furthermore, evidence indicates that crystalline silica is a potential occupational carcinogen. already sensitized may react to their first exposure to cement. The object of this study was to assess the relationship between occupational Portland cement dust exposure and respiratory health Respiratory symptoms and ventilatory About the Standard. the toxic effect of the exposure to cement dust and concentrated on its effects on the prevalence of chest infections and liver function tests like the study of (13) observed that cement dust exposure have toxic effects on haematologic and liver functions in workers at the Sokoto cement demonstrated linkages between cement dust exposure, chronic impairment of lung function and respiratory symptoms in human population. Pulmonary fibrosis (fibrous tissue in the lung) may or may not develop in acute cases of silicosis depending on the time between the exposure and the onset of symptoms. Silicosis that develops a few weeks to 5 years after exposure to high concentrations of respirable silica dust. Heederik D, Kromhout H, Burema J, Biersteker K, Kromhout D. Our aim was to present and discuss the evidence for an association between exposure to cement production dust and non-malignant respiratory effects, Dust irritates the respiratory system, and may cause coughing and difficulties in breathing. Annex 1 provides a detailed explanation of the composition and manufacture Total dust exposure in the cement factory was similar in 2010 and 2011, although the exposure estimates are uncertain due to fewer dust samples in 2011. Quickly and gently blot or brush away excess masonry cement. Health effects of dust What is dust? Dust is a common air pollutant generated by many different sources and activities. Page 3 of 11 Safety Data Sheet . Persons already sensitized may react to their first exposure of cement. Dust exposure potentially can affect respiratory function. In parallel to our findings, Merenu et al, 2007 [6]. It can be quite debilitating in the way it destroys the integrity of the skin. The aim of the present study was to examine lung function and airway symptoms among employees in different jobs and at different levels of exposure to thoracic dust in the cement production industry. Maier et al17 found an increased risk of laryngeal cancer in subjects chronically exposed to cement dust, pine wood dust and coal tar products. Most studies carried out in these industries, however, focus on silica exposure. The cement dust I'm referring to contains silica which has been likened to asbestos as far as symptoms. In the short term, exposure to high levels of cement dust can irritate the nose and throat. Most dust and dirt if inhaled in trace or small amounts will safely pass through the lungs with the assistance of the cilia (tiny hairs in the lungs). This document Today I want to walk you through the signs and symptoms of toxic mold exposure, your best treatment options, and how you can best prevent mold from growing inside your home. However, if excessive amounts of silica dust are breathed into the lungs over a period of time, it can cause damage to the lung tissue. industry, evidence for associations between exposure to cement dust and either respiratory symptoms or functional impairment has not been conclusive. Dust allergy symptoms are similar to those of pollen allergies:. Common symptoms of cement poisoning include the skin drying out, cracking, oozing, and itching. A study in Andhra Pradesh stone crushing workers revealed an increased prevalence of chronic cough due to dust exposure (dust level in the stone dust depot was 30. Dust Exposure and Respiratory Symptoms among Cement Factory Workers in the United Arab Emirates Hafiz Omer AHMED1* and Abdelridha A. Page 6 of 19 Cement Kiln dust Discomfort or pain cannot be relied upon to alert a person to a serious injury. Signs of excessive exposure to this dust include shortness of breath and reduced pulmonary function. fibre cement sheeting. 02-17 mg/m3). This can cause the dust levels to exceed the Permissible Exposure Limit and reach unhealthy levels. 36, p=0. Wear the appropriate personal protective equipment, such as gloves, boots, goggles or HEPA-filter respirators. ) Heavy exposure to: zinc oxide fume or dust, e. Quickly remove contaminated clothing, shoes, and leather goods such as watchbands and belts. Dust can be produced by almost all production processes in Portland cement factory. Silicosis and COPD can be severe enough to cause respiratory failure, which may eventually lead to death. There is no safe asbestos or safe level of asbestos exposure. ance relative to occupational exposure limits (OEls)7, 8). might be exposed to contaminants released from the cement plant. Wash skin with cool water and pH-neutral soap or a mild detergent. These Problems Aren't Set in Stone. Such an exposure is mostly seen in an industrial or occupational setup; The irritants could be organic dust, metal-based (fumes), wood-based, agriculture products related, industrial chemicals (organic and inorganic), and even microorganisms; What are the Signs and Symptoms of Airborne Irritant Induced Sinusitis? Dermatitis symptoms include stinging, itching, redness, swelling, cracking, blisters, scaling, fissures and bleeding. Background. Treatment of chemical pneumonia is a medical emergency depending on the toxic exposure. Cement kiln dust dissolves in hydrofluoric acid, producing corrosive silicon tetrafluoride gas. It may also contain fly ash, slag, In this study we assessed effect of cement dust exposure on respiratory function in a cement production factory. Thirty-one percent of the people who experienced "intense" dust exposure while working at the wreckage site reported symptoms by 2004, compared to 19% of the workers who had no exposure to the Personal exposure to dust in cement factories occurs at all stages of the production process and is likely to vary between different stages of the process. Whilst mining has declined in Western Europe and many parts of the USA, elsewhere in the world, many still depend on it for their living and may have much less statutory protection. Cement kiln dust reacts with water to form silicates and calcium hydroxide. Prolonged exposure can cause severe skin damage in the form of chemical (caustic) burns. Silica exposure can lead to lung injuries including silicosis and lung cancer. Dry polishing should be avoided unless exposure monitoring (air sampling) confirms that the vacuum and filtration systems are effective. , 1997 Pouring dry cement out of bags generates dust. May 2006 exposed to lots of redwood saw dust while fencing, over 2 days. Dry cement kiln dust contacting wet skin or exposure to moist or wet cement kiln dust may cause more severe skin effects including thickening, cracking, or fissuring of the skin. Inhaling any amount of dust isn't healthy, but the more you inhale, the more likely you are to experience physical symptoms. The effect of chronic cement dust exposure on lung function of cement factory workers in sokoto, nigeria: The Effect of Cement Dust on the Lung Function in a Cement Factory, Iran: Dust Exposure and Respiratory Health Effects in Cement Production: Effect of Duration of Exposure to Cement Dust on Respiratory Function of Non-Smoking Cement Mill Background: Previous studies have reported associations between dust exposure and adverse chronic respiratory health effects, but there are only a few follow-up studies among cement workers. A Swallowing cement can cause burns of the lips, mouth, throat, and stomach. ACUTE IRRITANT DERMATITIS (CEMENT BURNS) Cement burns occur within a matter of minutes to hours of continuous exposure to wet cement. Avoid exposure to cement dust to prevent bronchitis and silicosis. Most occupational lung diseases are caused by repeated, long-term exposure, but even a severe, single exposure to a hazardous agent can damage the lungs. Initial signs can include drooling, difficulty swallowing, or vomiting. 6 years and on 96 non exposed subjects. Medical tests cannot predict who will get skin problems. What are the symptoms of an occupational lung Get medical attention immediately. Seek medical help if coughing and other symptoms do not Respiratory protection Use a NIOSH/MSHA approved respirator if there is a risk of exposure to dust/fume at levels exceeding the exposure limits. Precautionary Statements: Obtain special instructions before use . Its deposition in the respiratory tract causes a basic Signs and Symptoms of Exposure: Symptoms of excessive exposure to the dust include shortness of breath and reduced pulmonary function. Inhalation of Airborne Dust: Remove to fresh air. They typically require the professional assistance of an expert witness and an attorney who is knowledgeable of silicosis laws. ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH 33, 379-385 (1984) Pulmonary Function and Symptoms of Nigerian Workers Exposed to Cement Dust U. The best treatment option is to limit your exposure to dust mites. 4 Long-term exposure to cement dust . The ability of the questionnaire to diagnose acute decrease in ventilatory function was also assessed. Heavy exposure to: zinc oxide fume or dust, e. In conclusion, the current study indicated that oc- 3) Mwaiselage J, Bratveit M, Moen B (2005) Variability in cupational exposure to cement dust in the factory has dust exposure in a cement factory in Tanzania. Eye contact by larger amount of dry power or splashes of wet Portland cement may cause effects ranging from moderate eye irritation to chemical burns or blindness. The risk associated with cement dust and coal tar product was predominantly related to supra glottis cancer. gov] It is important that preventive measures beyond respiratory protection are implemented in order to reduce exposure and prevent lung function decline. Clean your house regularly, using a central vacuum or a vacuum with a HEPA filter. Do not get cement inside boots, shoes or gloves. Note: Exposure limits for components noted with an * contain no asbestos and <1% crystalline silica Concrete is a mixture of gravel or rock, sand, Portland cement and water. Signs and Symptoms of Exposure: Dry skin, irritated nose or eyes, coughing, hard to breathe may be symptoms of cement dust exposure. Asbestos Exposure Symptoms Pores And Skin The actual good information will be, the usage of asbestos fibers has dramatically gone down in the recent past. Collect dust using a vacuum Keep unnecessary personnel away. Call a poison center or physician. (³Inhalation´ of gross amounts of portland cement requires immediate medical attention Exposure may aggravate those with pre‐existing eye, skin, or respiratory conditions. Figure 3 Chest X-ray showing nodular silicosis. Repeated and long-term exposure to certain irritants on the job can lead to an array of The symptoms of occupational lung diseases may resemble other medical conditions or problems. 3 mg/m3 (range 0. Objectives: The effects of cement dust exposure on acute respiratory health were assessed among 51 high exposed and 33 low exposed male cement workers. [5] found that exposure to respirable dust was significantly All the previous studies focused on establishing a relationship between inhalation of cement dust and changes in the lungs and obstructive airway symptoms. In addition, Noor et al18 observed that We know that silica exposure is bad. Prolonged exposure could also lead to stomach cancer,” he warns. And exposure is more common than you’d think. Exposure to Cement dusts is even a larger problem in non-industrialized countries as personal protection equipment is limited (OLERU,1984). The main aims of this study were to measure total dust exposure, to examine chronic respiratory symptoms and changes in lung function among cement factory workers and controls that were followed for one year. He adds that constant exposure to cement can lead to dry skin and itching. The EPA concluded that exposure to asbestos from some vermiculite products poses only a minimal health risk. Implementing measures to control dust and providing  Apr 5, 2019 Exposure to silica dust can lead to the development of lung cancer, silica dust; sand blasting or casting; paving, surfacing or cement finishing  Jan 22, 2012 Adverse health outcomes in residents exposed to cement dust results suggest that exposure to cement dust may lead to chronic symptoms  In this study we assessed effect of cement dust exposure on respiratory Keywords: Portland cement dust; Respirable dust; Respiratory symptoms; Respiratory  cement dust exposure. 2) in Dejen cement factory. Ann Occup considerable variable. Dust is generated and dispersed into cement factories’ air through different production processes9, 10). Cement Kiln Dust Safety Data Sheet According to Federal Register / Vol. nlm. dust. Signs and Symptoms of Exposure: Symptoms of excessive exposure to the dust include shortness of breath and reduced pulmonary function. 7 ± Cement dust exposure occurs commonly in the cement production and construction industry. ulcers. Here are some simple steps to reduce exposure to indoor dust: Opt for wood flooring over wall-to-wall carpets when possible, especially in bedrooms. Asked by John Dalzell Crystalline silica is now known to cause cancer when inhaled as a dust which is common when these products are cut, drilled or otherwise worked. Dust is one of the main occupational hazards that causes chronic respiratory problems in cement manufac-turing industries. Continue rinsing. Do not handle until all safety precautions have been read and understood . 6-9 Environmental exposure to cement dust may also be an independent risk factor for developing respiratory tract cancers. A study based on Malaysian population reported the association of total dust exposure and respiratory symptoms such as a cough, phlegm, chest tightness and also with lung function indices [15]. Health effects of silica dust. 2 Cement production processing generates large amounts of dust during quarrying, grind-ing and when the finished cement is blended, packed and shipped. I was exposed to cement dust for about 30-45 minutes which contained silica dust how concerned should I be about my - Answered by a verified Doctor Silicosis is a lung disease that develops from continuous exposure to crystalline silica. Seek medical help if coughing and other symptoms do not subside. Medical Conditions Generally Aggravated by Exposure: Individuals with sensitive skin and with Chemical pneumonia is a type of lung irritation caused by toxins, liquids, gases, small particles, dust, fumes, and more. Smoking can increase both the severity of an occupational lung disease and the risk of lung cancer. Precautions Human Health Risk due to Cement Dust Exposure Key Facts in Brief • Some of the initial studies have shown that the incremental individual risk due to emissions of the cement plant is very low not only with regard to health effects, but also in relation to toxicological and cancer risks produced by pollutants emitted by the cement kiln (see, for For cement workers exposed to total dust, the prevalence of wheezing was positively correlated with dust concentration and length of exposure. 2008; 5(3):201–6. While there are established health and safety rules concerning exposure, silica dust is still one of the most prevalent causes of respiratory disease, which tells us that there is more that needs to be done. Coughing, congestion, shortness of breath may be symptoms. Symptoms include difficulty breathing and wheezing. symptoms among employees in different jobs and at different levels of exposure to thoracic dust in the cement production industry. Skin contact This study was conducted in a cement factory in the United Arab Emirates to assess cement dust exposure and its relationship to respiratory symptoms among workers. Inhalation of portland cement dust can irritate or burn the nose, throat, and mucous membrane of the upper respiratory tract. On the other hand, marital status, working hours per week, use of PPE, previous dust and chemical exposure were not associated with chronic respiratory symptoms in univariate analysis (p < 0. Occup Environ Med 59, 349–54. Do not breathe dust . Inhalation of Airborne Dust • Remove to fresh air. This. Exposure to silica dust can cause silicosis, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and lung cancer. Cement dust released during bag dumping or concrete cutting can also irritate of all workers using cement will develop an allergy to chromium, with symptoms  Jun 13, 2018 The study was conducted on cement dust exposed workers, and fifty subjects A questionnaire was used to inquire about the symptoms of  Symptoms of silicosis can appear from a few weeks to many years after exposure to silica dust. Red, itchy, watery 21. Calcium hydroxide is a white powder produced by mixing calcium oxide ("lime") with water. Wet cement kiln dust is alkaline and is incompatible with acids, ammonium salts and aluminum metal. Inhalation of large amounts of Portland Cement requires immediate medical attention. Calcium hydroxide poisoning occurs when someone swallows this substance. June 2006 exposure to laminate bamboo flooring dust as well as other laminate flooring dusts. Do not touch damaged containers or spilled material unless wearing appropriate protective clothing. Natural treatment can help alleviate the symptoms of the poisoning to a certain extent; nevertheless, steering clear of the irritant is very essential. Crystalline silica is tiny dust particles that occur when certain objects are cut, blasted, crushed or sanded. Immediately call a POISON CENTER or physician. 58 / Monday, March 26, 2012 / Rules and Regulations 08/14/2018 EN (English US) 3/7 Chronic Symptoms: Pre-existing lung diseases such as emphysema or asthma may be aggravated by exposure to dusts. Outcomes were restricted to respiratory symptoms, lung function indices, asthma, . Conventional vacuums are inefficient at stopping the filter from clogging. Cement poisoning is very frequently seen in people who work with cement or are exposed to cement dust on a daily basis. Do not eat, drink or smoke when using this product . First thing is to remove all wet cement from the exposed body parts and then wash the affected skin with warm water. 5; therefore, wet cement can produce alkaline (caustic) skin burns which progress and get worse without more exposure. cement dust exposure symptoms

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