Ephesians 1 commentary predestination

  • The Church (every believer) is looking for the Bridegroom to return; and so shall we ever be with the Lord. While the book is indeed a commentary on Ephesians, Dr. Ephesians 1:1-3 Paul And The Ephesians; Ephesians 1:4-12 Predestination; Ephesians 1:13-14 Sealed By The Spirit; Ephesians 1:15-17 Jesus Is God; Jesus Has A God; Ephesians 1:18-20 Opening The Eyes Of Our Hearts; Ephesians 1:21-23 Jesus Above All Authority; Ephesians 2:1-7 From Death To Life; Ephesians 2:8-9 Saved By Grace Through Faith Ephesians 1:1-14 1 Paul, an apostle of Christ Jesus by the will of God, To God’s holy people in Ephesus,a] the faithful in Christ "Predestination" in Ephesians 1 Help II. Related . In love 5 He predestined us to adoption as sons through Jesus Christ to Himself, according to the kind intention of His will, 6 to the praise of the glory of His grace, which He freely bestowed on us in the Beloved” (Ephesians 1:4-6). Question: Ephesians 1 refers to believers as predestined before the foundation of the world. To define predestination as God’s choice in salvation, made before the foundation of the world. by It is interesting that here our predestination is said to be, "according to the good pleasure of his will. There is no object with which the breadth, length, height, and depth are associated. Click the verse number to read commentary, definitions, meanings, and notesfor that particular Ephesians 5 verse. 1:4 – We have been selected for a holy position in love. Paul writes about predestination in the first two chapters of Ephesians. You can find the best commentary on Ephesians for you using the tools on the right side. 5 He predestined us to be adopted through Jesus Christ as His sons, Verses 3-6, absolute predestination . Aug 15, 2019 1-14) include a greeting from “Paul, an apostle of Christ Jesus through the and means “to determine beforehand,” and is usually translated “predestined. Philippians, Colossians, and Philemon). resulting in stewardship (management, administration) of the fullness of the times, in order to sum up (gather up) all things, within Christ, the things upon the heavenlies and the things upon the earth, within Him, All the effort of God and His angels in history, in heaven and on earth, target this result. , Word Biblical Commentary: Ephesians, Vol. We have meaning and significance, because God deeply loves us and has a plan for us--a life that matters and a life with importance! Ephesians 1:11-12 ESV / 100 helpful votes Helpful Not Helpful In him we have obtained an inheritance, having been predestined according to the purpose of him who works all things according to the counsel of his will, so that we who were the first to hope in Christ might be to the praise of his glory. Ephesians 1:4 – Predestination. Prior to choosing a Bible chapter for this month’s theme, “Who l am in Christ”, a dear friend recommended that l read Ephesians 1 during my private time with the Lord. from Rome. The Christian is predestinated unto the adoption of children (Greek, HUIOTHESIA, meaning sonship). Ephesians 1:5 - He predestined us to adoption as sons through Jesus Christ to Himself, according to the kind intention - Verse-by-Verse Commentary Ephesians 1 Commentary, One of over 110 Bible commentaries freely available, this commentary is one of the most respected interdenominational commentaries ever written. Ephesians 4:1-16 Biblical Commentary: THE CONTEXT: In chapters 1-3, Paul outlined the blessings associated with being a child of God. There is nowhere in Scripture where you find individual lives identified with the explicit meaning of predestination! 1. The hope which Jesus' calling awakened, is eternal life in Heaven after the death of the born again. John Chrysostom on Ephesians > ‎Chapter 1‎ > ‎Chapter 2‎ > ‎Chapter 3‎ > ‎Chapter 4‎ > ‎Chapter 5‎ > ‎Chapter 6‎ > ‎ Subpages (7): Eph 1 Fr. 1. The word "holy" implies the choosing had a moral aim in view. ” . Looking at how God’s love has predestined us - Part three of our study in Ephesians. This is a church like any that has existed and all that are here today. according to the good pleasure of his will: the will of God is the rule of all his actions, and of all his acts of grace and goodness; and the good pleasure of it appears in the predestination of men to grace and glory: and from hence it is manifest, that foreseen faith, holiness, and good works, Divine Election and Predestination in Ephesians 1. Rich inheritance: see verse 1:11. His commentary on Ephesians is in a volume that also contains his commentaries on Colossians and Philemon, so it is not as thorough as some of the commentaries mentioned above, but Bruce is always worth consulting. 3-4, 6, 8-10). The apostle Paul held no such view of the doctrine of predestination. The latter reading, which was chosen by the committee, is supported by P 46 aleph * A B P 6 33 88 330 424 C 436 1319 1837 1908 2127 Origen Chrysostom and Euthalius. 4, 5, 11. Ephesians is the second book we would recommend to a Bible study group to dive into after the book of Mark. For it was said above (A[1]) that predestination is a part of providence. In him we have obtained an inheritance, having been predestined according to the purpose of him who works all things according to the counsel of his will, so that we who were the first to hope in Christ might be to the praise of his glory. Bible Study in Ephesians. D. 3:9-18). Ephesians 1:4-6 LESSON 03 Position, Purpose, and Predestination 1. ” By looking at these verses, we can see that predestination reveals God's great sovereignty and right to do with His creation as he desires. By Curt Niccum. Election, or choice, respects that lump or mass of mankind out of which some are chosen, from which they are separated and distinguished. But a careful study of all biblical passages on the divine plan of salvation reveals that the authors of the Confession have wrongly interpreted the above scriptures. ” To many, the sheer existence of those phrases settles the matter. a. More likely, it modifies the words 'to be holy and blameless in His sight' for these reasons: (1) In this context the modifying phrases always follow the action words (vv. Ephesians 1:18 Enlightened eyes. Ephesians contains: 1:1,2. Our Sovereign God desires to glorify Himself in redeeming a people for himself. The Bible's teaching on God's predestination is simply the Bible's teaching at a glance, perhaps we get an inkling of the meaning of God's foreknowledge of all things. Ephesians 1:11-14 In him we were also chosen, having been predestined according to the plan of him who works out everything in conformity with the purpose of his will, in order that we, who were the first to hope in Christ, might be for the praise of his glory. Main Idea: We are chosen in and by the Creator of the Universe, Jesus Christ. You will find that you will want to lay down this commentary and shout praise to our King for His great salvation in Jesus Christ. Ephesians 1 - (Part 1) by Paul Washer, Sunday Sermons, Church Services, Bible Study, Christian Reviv - Duration: 1:22:46. Definition of Predestination (Ephesians 1:5a) Epehsians 1:5a. Commentary on Ephesians 2. Ephesians: The MacArthur New Testament Commentary. ” “foundation. Ephesians 5:1-33—Read the Bible online or download free. There were hints and metaphors in the Old Testament aplenty. . 5. In eternity past, God chose those whom He would make “holy” and “blameless. His main emphasis up through verse 12 is on God’s purpose for the Jews (“us”). The doctrine of predestination is found in Romans 8:29: “For those God foreknew he also predestined to be conformed to the likeness of his Son. Context Summary Ephesians 1:3–14 praises God for the blessings He has provided. Ephesians 3:1-21. Ephesians 1. We will study Chapters 1 through 3, thus completing the exposition of this book begun several years ago with Chapters 4 through 6 -- messages which are already available in print. Ephesians 1:11, “also we have obtained an inheritance, having been predestined according to His purpose who works all things after the counsel of His will. “4 Just as He chose us in Him before the foundation of the world, that we should be holy and blameless before Him. Fallen mankind's only hope is the grace and mercy of God (cf. This is also the more difficult reading and the one more likely to have been altered than vice-versa. Commentaries on Ephesians. IV. Paul ties together the ideas of predestination, God's glory, the salvation of His people, and the rights we have as children of God. 8:28; 2 Tim. Ephesians 4-6 focus on the glory of God in man’s obedience to the gospel—the glory of God through His church. us with every spiritual blessing in the heavenly places in Christ, Ephesians 1:3 NASB. 1:4. . MacArthur writes with that one purpose in mind. In the case of the elect, regeneration is the monergistic work of God. Having predestinated us - προορισας. Election has to do with God’s people, predestination deals with God’s purposes. Ephesians 1 teaches the predestination and electing love of Our Sovereign God in our salvation. 3 Blessed be the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, who hath blessed us with all spiritual blessings Ephesians 1 teaches the predestination and electing love of Our Sovereign God in our salvation. Uncomfortable with the implications of these verses, A Technical Commentary on Ephesians 1:3-14. The English "predestination" is translated from the Greek word proorizo which means 1) to predetermine, decide beforehand; 2) in the NT, of God decreeing from eternity; 3) to foreordain, appoint beforehand. I’m going to touch on verse 10 just for a few moments. However, there are some that suggest that what these two verses teach is justification for a theological system of interpretation that has historically and practically lead to tragic consequences. This passage in Ephesians chapter one brings much of this information together in an explanation of what God is doing, and how predestination fits into that picture. This includes the source of these blessings, the means by which they are attained, the reason why they are given, and their final result. Most truths are illustrated and applied with other Scripture. Ephesians 1:5. But a careful reading of the Epistle to the Romans shows that salvation has a much broader meaning. Ephesians 1:5, NIV: "he predestined us for adoption to sonship through Jesus Christ, in accordance with  Question: Would you explain Ephesians 1:5 concerning the meaning of the word “predestination. Ephesians 1:4-6 – A Sense. Election and predestination, which are the secret springs whence the others flow, Ephesians 1:4,5,11. Ephesians 1 is of particular importance to the Calvinist because it is here we find “predestination” and being “chosen before the foundation of the world. Ephesians 1:4 does not just say God “knew” who was going to be saved, but that He “chose us” before the foundation of the world. In other words, the election is the actual choice. (The closest he comes is of course Romans 9, which simply restates the problem for us; the parallel statement in Ephesians 1:3–14 is a celebration rather than an explanation. Calvinism teaches that man has no part in salvation, and cannot possibly co-operate with God in the matter. The particular spiritual blessings with which we are blessed in Christ, and for which we ought to bless God, are (many of them) here enumerated and enlarged upon. Predestination then is not an issue for the individual, for both Jews and Gentiles are foreordained to be a part of the family of God in Jesus Christ, and because of his sacrifice for the sins of the world. The New World Translation of the Holy Scriptures is published by Jehovah’s Witnesses. Ephesians 4 – Living to God’s Glory A. Ephesians 1:7. Ephesians 1:11-12 ESV / 80 helpful votes. As suggested in the previous lesson, the "theme" of Ephesians is "The Believer's Riches In Christ" 2. If so, then God's love is seen in predestination. ” (John 1:12). We believe this too. What motivated God to predestine the Christian for salvation was His own sovereign love. In his commentary on Ephesians, Calvin wrote, “Immediately after the salutation in the commencement of the first chapter, he treats of God’s free election. ) But what matters for our purposes even more is the question of what comes after the ‘call’. 1 Thessalonians 1:3-4 – His choice of you. The New Covenant Commentary: Ephesians by New Testament scholar Lynn Cohick provides valuable, practical, and non-technical insights into Paul’s epistle to Ephesians, which speaks to our deepest questions about God: Ephesians addresses the redemptive plan of God written from ages past now revealed; the work of Christ complete and effective now and for eternity; the power of the Holy Spirit to change lives and build a community. Ephesians 1:1-14 – Commentary on Ephesians Ephesians Series (audio) Ephesians is one of the most important doctrinal books among Paul’s epistles. Ephesians is one of Paul's four "prison epistles" (3:1; 4:1; 6:20; cf. This meeting is the fulfillment of what Christ predestinated for every believer; that, It should be noted that the references to predestination in Ephesians 1 are strictly speaking of the predestination of the nation of Israel, not of individual believers. Oct 6, 2013 These blessings are election and predestination. Ephesians, chapter 1. Ephesians 1:5 "Having predestinated us unto the adoption of children by Jesus Christ to himself, according to the good pleasure of his will," God elects those who are saved because of His love. Let's examine the passage. ' “ Double Predestination” - An 'Other Side of the Coin' Assumption. I think theologians and philosophers, Catholic, Orthodox, and A Blog To share the Gospel of the Lord Jesus Christ to share with other Christians what I learned from the Bible and from other fellow-believers. The Paperback Bible presents the Bible by the Book and is designed to be portable, readable, and truly personal with ample margins for notations. Ephesians 2:8-9 Commentary. HE CHOSE US BEFORE THE FOUNDATION OF THE WORLD. 3) Or is Paul using the term predestination in a way that some later theologians have misinterpreted? Here is an insight that others wiser than I may have already figured out. Paul sends his blessings and gives a reminder that our purpose and reality is A 6-session Bible study by Tony Merida. I did not put the questions by verse, because the written test normally has the questions by chapter. " Eudokia is a reminder not only of God's purpose, which is also very much emphasized by the long-range planning of God (coming up in a moment), but also the good gifts which it was God's long range plan to impart. A. The greeting, from Paul to the church of Ephesus. At first glance, one might think that the above passages are in full agreement with the Westminster Confession of Faith. Ephesians 1:5-6 The coherence of these words with the former stands thus: they contain a second instance of that general of his premised, ver. Ephesians 1:11; Also WE HAVE OBTAINED AN INHERITANCE, HAVING BEEN PREDESTINED ACCORDING TO HIS PURPOSE who works all things after the counsel of His will. 3. In his apprehension it is a doctrine suited to excite the gratitude of Christians, and the whole tendency and design of the doctrine, according to him, is to make people holy, and without blame before God in love. Ephesians 1:3-14. Ephesians 4:1 starts off the second portion of the Book of Ephesians. Purpose of Writing: Paul intended that all who long for Christ-like maturity would receive this writing. Sproul has himself written a very helpful introductory level commentary on it titled The Purpose of God. 1) “ You did not choose Me but I chose you, and appointed you that you would go and bear fruit, and that your fruit would remain, so that whatever you ask of the Father in My name He may give to you. Predestination is exclusively by divine design. ” Wright, N. '. Some agree with the NIV that it modifies the word 'predestined' (Eph 1:5). An examination and commentary of Ephesians 2:8-9 using the rule of Bible study makes clear what these two verses teach. As already mentioned, the events that Scripture identify as being predestinated are those events that relate to God's ultimate purpose. B. Most people in the world have no experience of lasting joy in their lives. Commentary on the Whole Bible Volume VI (Acts to Revelation) — Henry, Matthew (1662-1714) The Foreordination of the Church. Irresistible Grace. In the case of the reprobate, sin and degeneration are the monergistic work of God. The Unscriptural View of Predestination Ephesians 1:3-4. The Greek word eudokia combines eu (good) and dokeo (which has a variety of meanings, among which are “what seems good” or “what gives me pleasure”). What had Paul heard about the Ephesians that caused him to constantly give thanks in his prayers for them? vs. Accordingly, they put faith in Christ, accepting the evangel or good news about the provision for forgiveness of their sins on the basis of his sacrificial death. The Church teaches predestination Scripture: First, there is ample biblical support for predestination. God is good a keeping a secret, and this one was not plainly revealed until the Apostle Paul announced it in this epistle. Dr. We are also told in the Bible that it was foreordained (a type of predestination in the sense that the Eternal decided in advance what he, not we, will do) that those who believe and obey the eternal God should be adopted by Jesus himself, through whom we have an inheritance according to his will (Ephesians 1:11). 5b). This Epistle is a letter the Apostle Paul writes to a church in need of crucial instructions. Predestination – Part 1 – Ephesians 1 The interpretation of predestination has been a strong dividing point among Christians for half a millennia at least. William Most on Ephesians Haydock Bible on Ephesians Ishodad of Merv on Ephesians John Henry Cardinal Newman Citations of Ephesians St. Predestination. 3 Client Academic. Commentary, Ephesians 1:3-14, Sarah Henrich, Preaching This Week, WorkingPreacher. Corinthians 2:7, and Ephesians 1:5,11). Those that like to get into studying the Bible and its ‘heavy' doctrines prefer to study the first part of Paul's letters and often treat the latter part as secondary or of less value (see the right diagram where a wall separates the two sections). We have meaning and significance, because God deeply loves us and has a plan for us--a life that matters and a life with importance! Looking at how God’s love has predestined us - Part three of our study in Ephesians. This document has been generated from XSL (Extensible Stylesheet Language) source with RenderX XEP Formatter, version 3. Long and Thomas Joseph White, OP) on Thomism and Predestination. Jeremiah Mutie, Ph. The word "choose" suggests taking a smaller number out of a larger. D Ephesians 1 is the other major Pauline text cited in relation to the . 7. Challenge the status quo of our culture (and even some churches) by encouraging your group to live more purely the essential convictions of Christianity. Ac 28:16,30-31). Study Ephesians 1 using Matthew Henry Bible Commentary (complete) to better 1. For the most part, the exegetical commentary on these verse will be based on  Explain that in his epistle recorded in Ephesians 1–6, the Apostle Paul . Thomas Here is a snapshot of his understanding from his "Notes on the New Testament" comment on Ephesians 1:4-5: 1:5 Having predestinated us to the adoption of sons - Having foreordained that all who afterwards believed should enjoy the dignity of being sons of God, and joint-heirs with Christ. Worship Hymns 7,360 views VIIa. God desires to redeem a people who cannot earn, merit, desire or will their salvation, but those who will trust in Christ alone for help (John 1:9-11). In the first verses of Ephesians 1:3-12, Paul uses the first person plural we and us, exclusively. For the most part, the exegetical commentary on these verse will be based on  Jul 21, 2010 In reading these scriptures, there are two ways we can understand predestination . Predestination simply identifies this as something that happened preliminary to time. ” This refers to the foundation of our earth today, even before Adam and Eve were created. How do you reconcile this with your view that free  Jun 20, 2004 You see that in Ephesians 1:5-6: “He predestined us for adoption through Jesus Christ, according to the That is the final meaning of adoption. Ephesians chapter 1 Commentary 1: Paul an apostle of Jesus Christ by the will of God to the saints which are at Ephesus and to the faithful in Christ Jesus: 2: Grace to you and peace from God our Father and Lord Jesus Christ. Ephesians 3:1-12 Please consider your sponsorship or support of The Text This Week. To understand that predestination is a biblical doctrine and has been a central, mainstream teaching of the church. 2) “Knowing, brethren beloved by God, His choice of you,” 1 Thessalonians 1:4 We are a community of confessing believers who love the gospel of Jesus Christ, affirm the Biblical and Christ-exalting truths of the Reformation such as the five solas, the doctrines of grace, monergistic regeneration, and the redemptive historical approach to interpreting the Scriptures. ” John 15:6. In Christ. Although Ephesians is one of the New Testament's shortest books in terms of word count, it is perhaps the most applicable to today's culture. Ephesians 1:4 also helps clarify the issue by asserting that the goal of predestination is not heaven, but holiness (Christlikeness). And the dead in Christ will rise first. Verses 1-16 (especially verse 1) set the tone for the rest of this letter. If this verse is referring to individuals, as many people believe, then it is saying that before the foundation of the world God chose some people to be saved while leaving others unsaved. [9] Modern Calvinists respond to the ethical dilemma of double predestination by explaining that God's active predestination is only for the elect. I, therefore, the prisoner of the Lord, beseech you to walk worthy of the calling with which you were called, a. Blessed be the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, who has blessed us with every spiritual blessing in the heavenly places in Christ, just as He chose us in Him before the foundation of the world . 8:28He chose us in Him #1 Pet. All of our resources exist to guide you toward everlasting joy in Jesus Christ. Predestination is a comfort for Christians who are steeped in the secular world, like the church at Ephesus was. Aug 25, 2018 If so, how do you explain Ephesians 1: 5-6 “He predestined us to adoption as sons through Jesus Christ to Himself, according to the kind  Mar 8, 2018 Election and Predestination: Some Musings by Dr. Please Define “Predestination” in Ephesians 1:5. The Epistle To The Ephesians Chapter One OBJECTIVES IN STUDYING THIS CHAPTER 1) To review the wonderful blessings God has provided in Christ 2) To understand what Paul desired the Ephesians that they know 3) To notice the greatness of God's power toward those who believe 4) To consider the exalted position of Christ and His church SUMMARY Double predestination is the idea that not only does God choose some to be saved, he also creates some people who will be damned. THE PRINCIPAL PROBLEM CONCERNING THESE PASSAGES His commentary on Ephesians is in a volume that also contains his commentaries on Colossians and Philemon, so it is not as thorough as some of the commentaries mentioned above, but Bruce is always worth consulting. T. 1 Thessalonians 4:16 For the Lord Himself will descend from heaven with a shout, with the voice of an archangel, and with the trumpet of God. Author: Ephesians 1:1 identifies the author of the Book of Ephesians as the apostle Paul. The general consensus is that these epistles were written during Paul's imprisonment at Rome (cf. Spiritual Blessings in Christ 3 e Blessed be f the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, 5Having predestinated us unto the adoption of children by Jesus Christ to himself, according to the good pleasure of his will, 6To the praise of the glory of his grace, wherein he hath made us accepted in the beloved. SermonAudio. Therefore: Paul spent three chapters spelling out in glorious detail all that God did for us, freely by His grace. Paul prays that the church’s eyes would be enlightened to know God’s hope, glory and power (1:18-19) C. Ephesians Chapter 1. 1:2 Grace be to you, and peace, from God our Father, and from the Lord Jesus Christ. 1 Paul, a an apostle of Christ Jesus b by the will of God, To the saints who are in Ephesus, and c are faithful 1 in Christ Jesus: 2 d Grace to you and peace from God our Father and the Lor d Jesus Christ. Stated another way, we can establish a parallelism of foreordination and predestination by means of a positive symmetry. Adoption; Calvinism/Doctrines of Grace; Election/Predestination; Faith in Salvation . “in him. Election and predestination, which are the secret springs whence the others flow, v. International Bible Lesson Commentary . CHAPTER 1 Greeting and Opening Address (1:1-14) Ephesians 1:1-2 ~ Paul's Greeting 1 Paul, an apostle of Christ Jesus by the will of God, to the holy ones who are [in Ephesus] faithful in Christ Jesus: 2 grace to you and peace from God our Father and the Lord Jesus Christ. We’re on a mission to change that. (NASB) Eph. 4. “according to the good pleasure (Greek: eudokia) of his desire“ ( thelema) (v. I recommend this volume to anyone who is not familiar with the basic themes of this epistle. Are some predestined according to God's will? (Ephesians 1:3-11). ” It comes from the root of our word “horizon,” conveying the meaning of setting a limit or a boundary, or appointing a criteria. St. (3-6) The work of God the Father. The problem is that there are many who hold to false views about this doctrine . Spiritual Blessings in Christ Commentary on Galatians and Ephesians by John Calvin. [Rom. A Technical Commentary on Ephesians 1:3-14. Lesson 4: Predestined to Adoption (Ephesians 1:5-6) Thus any teaching that subverts or diminishes God’s sovereignty in our salvation also subverts or diminishes the praise that is due to His name. The Presbyterian Westminster Confession of Faith stated: “By the decree of God, for the manifestation of His glory, some men and angels are predestinated unto everlasting life, and other foreordained to everlasting death” Ephesians 1:5 Parallel Verses. Here is the Table of Contents and Introduction to a new book that I contributed to and co-edited (with Steven A. Infralapsarians interpret the biblical election of God to highlight his love (1 John 4:8; Ephesians 1:4b–5a) and chose his elect considering the situation  Commentary on Ephesians 1:3-14 God's choosing and predestination do not function to draw lines; they are statements about God crossing the lines. Ephesians 1 Commentary, One of over 110 Bible commentaries freely available, this commentary of the Old and New Testament was penned by John Calvin, Martin Luther and Huldrych Zwingli. It is not primarily homiletical, though each unit of thought is generally treated as one chapter, with a clear outline and logical flow of thought. In “love” He predestined us to adoption as sons. So the divine choice of verse 4 is further defined by the divine predestination of (verse 5). Predestination, in theology, is the doctrine that all events have been willed by God, usually with . We are a community of confessing believers who love the gospel of Jesus Christ, affirm the Biblical and Christ-exalting truths of the Reformation such as the five solas, the doctrines of grace, monergistic regeneration, and the redemptive historical approach to interpreting the Scriptures. He calls them the faithful in Christ Jesus, believers in him, and firm and constant in their adherence to him and to his truths and ways. 2:7] Calvinists assume God wills to choose each individual unconditionally. It is used in Romans 8, Ephesians 1, Acts 4:28, and 1 Corinthians 2:7. I am so glad l took his advice, for this chapter was a beautiful reminder for me of God’s declaration of love. A bible study series in Ephesians (Part 1) Summary: The beginning of this great epistle covers such grand bible themes as foreknowledge, predestination, God’s calling, redemption, forgiveness of sins, hearing the word of truth, and the seal of the Holy Spirit. Predestination (Latin præ, destinare), taken in its widest meaning, is every Divine decree by which God, owing to His infallible prescience of the future, has appointed and ordained from eternity all events occurring in time, especially those which directly proceed from, or at least are influenced by, man's free will. Jesus is God's "yes" to fallen mankind's need (Karl Barth). Let us know if the page looks wrong (categories, weird text, links are broken): How can free will exist if predestination exists, if everything is already determined by the time we are formed in our mothers’ wombs? I would like to take a look at a portion of the Apostle Paul’s epistle to the Ephesians so that we can understand this concepts of free will and predestination and how they work together. It describes the nature of the church, the ministry of the church, life as the church, and the dispensation of the grace of God. One way is to assume that God has everyone's life already  he predestined us for adoption to sonship through Jesus Christ, in accordance with his pleasure and will— to the praise of his glorious grace, which. The second: He destined us in love to be his sons through Jesus Christ, according to the purpose of his will, to the praise of his glorious grace which he freely bestowed on us in the Beloved. Ephesians 1:3-4 He did not necessarily choose us as individuals before the foundation of the world , but He did decide that He would have a church, a group of people impregnated by His Spirit, a unique Family of His who would be in the image of His Son. Then, “in” Christ, or by reason of their union with him, they were sealed with the promised holy spirit. Adoption: John 1:12 – To those who believed in His name, He gave the right to be called children of God. McConkie, Doctrinal New Testament Commentary, 3 vols. In Ephesians chapter 1 Paul writes that God chose us “that we should be holy and blameless before Him” ( Ephesians 1:4 ). The task of this study is to present an exegesis of Ephesians 1:4,5,11, Romans 8:28-30, 2 Thessalo-nians 2:13, Acts 2:23, and Acts 13:48—passages that frequently occur in discussions about the biblical doctrines of predestination, foreordination, and election. How do you reconcile this with your view that free actions of people (like choosing to believe in Christ) can’t be predestined or even foreknown ahead of time? That the Father of that infinite glory which shines in the face of Christ, from whom also we receive the glorious inheritance, Ephesians 1:18, may give you the Spirit of wisdom and revelation - The same who is the Spirit of promise is also, in the progress of the faithful, the Spirit of wisdom and revelation; making them wise unto salvation, and revealing to them the deep things of God. Grace that is revealed to us while going on in our sinful condition, dead, apathetic and carelessly unaware of the glorious revelation of God in Jesus Christ! According to Ephesians 2:1-8 and Romans 9:7-18 and John 1:9-11 and John 6:37-44 God's grace (God's character) is the theological key to this passage (cf. ''Goodwin combines in a remarkable fashion two of the main qualities requisite for a successful study of theology: (1) A close attention to careful exegesis, in which every element of the written text of Scripture is the object of painstaking and loving scrutiny. One popular dictionary states that predestination teaches that the final salvation through whom we have an inheritance according to his will (Ephesians 1:11). (3:18, 19) A number of translations are explicit in making the application to the love of Christ. If such is truly the case, then Paul wrote Ephesians around 61-63 A. And yet, Scripture tells us that not all people will be saved (Matthew 25:41). Some believe that John 6:37 teaches predestination - John 6:37 . God is omnipotent, which means that God is all-powerful with a determination to carry out His purpose and plan throughout time into eternity ( 1 Chronicles 29:11 ). That power was manifested when God raised Christ and seated him at the right hand of God (1:20-23) 1. 1 Thessalonians 1:2-4 We give thanks to God always for you all, making mention of you in our prayers, 3 remembering without ceasing your work of faith, labor of love, and patience of hope in our Lord Jesus Christ in the sight of our God and Father, 4 knowing, beloved brethren, your election by God. Bible Study: Ephesians - Part 1 Ephesians 1:1 (ESV) Paul, an apostle of Christ Jesus by the will of God, To the saints who are in Ephesus, and are faithful in Christ Jesus Ephesians 1:3 (AMP) Blessed and wor thy of praise be the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, who has blessed us with ever y spiritual blessing in the heavenly realms in Through the Bible with Les Feldick LESSON 3 * PART 3 * BOOK 35 EPHESIANS 1:10-13. After his brief salutation ( 1:1-2 ), Paul immediately begins in 1:3 by praising God for the blessings (or riches) we have in Christ It further tells us that God has predestined those who will be saved (Ephesians 1:3-6). Commentary on Galatians and Ephesians by John Calvin. MacArthur has written for the goal of helping every believer know their status in the kingdom of God. (1) The foundation for all exhortation. 1 Predestination, then, is the biblical teaching that God predestines certain events and people to accomplish what He so desires. also we have obtained an inheritance, having been predestined according to His purpose who works all things after the counsel of His will, (Ephesians 1:11) For we are His workmanship, created in Christ Jesus for good works, which God prepared beforehand, that we should walk in them. 1:3Blessed be the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, who has blessed us with every spiritual blessing in the heavenly places in Christ, 4just as #Rom. Ephesians 1:1-2 ~ Paul's Greeting 1 Paul, an apostle of Christ Jesus by the will of God, to the holy ones who are [in Ephesus] faithful in Christ Jesus: 2 grace to you and peace from God our Father and the Lord Jesus Christ. Who wrote the epistle to the Ephesians? (Ephesians 1:1) (see On The Road To Damascus) 2. In ancient Greek (the language Paul originally wrote in), Ephesians 1:3 through 1:14 form one long sentence. Ephesians 1:11. That was the philosophy of John Calvin. When it comes to Ephesians 1, both interpret Paul to be explaining the doctrine of individual election. Read Ephesians 1 online. A call for unity among God’s people. Paul sends his blessings and gives a reminder that our purpose and reality is IV. Various Events that are Predestinated. Now we’ll be turning back again to Ephesians chapter 1. Date of Writing: The Book of Ephesians was very likely written between A. John Chrysostom on Ephesians St. Bible commentary on Ephesians 1. 1 Paul, a an apostle of Christ Jesus b by the will of God, To the saints who are in Ephesus, and c are faithful 1 in Christ Jesus: 2 d Grace to you and peace from God our Father and the Lord Jesus Christ. VIIa. by 11 In whom also we were made an inheritance, since we were predestined according to [the] plan of him  Ephesians To the saints who are in Ephesus, andare faithful in Christ Jesus: In love 5he predestined us foradoption to himself as sons through Jesus . ◄ Ephesians 1:4 ►. doctrine of predestination. As an opera has an overture, setting the tone for all the melodies that will follow, so Ephesians 1:3-14 sets the tone for the rest of Ephesians. Ephesians Greeting. It is not as if God chose some to go to heaven, and chose others to go to hell. Paul tells them what he prays for them, and how wonderful to pray this for one another in the body of Christ. Answer: The word "predestination" comes from the Greek verb  Ephesians 1:5 - He predestined us to adoption as sons through Jesus Christ to Himself, according to the kind intention - Verse-by-Verse Commentary. 1 Paul, an apostle of Jesus Christ by the will of God, to the saints which are at Ephesus, and to the faithful in Christ Jesus: 2 Grace be to you, and peace, from God our Father, and from the Lord Jesus Christ. " To the former the apostle writes this Epistle, praising their steadfastness, and instructing them more fully in the hidden mysteries of faith, viz. Ephesians 1:19 Overpowering power. This phrase refers to our spiritual union with Jesus Christ. Consider - Ephesians 1:3-12. Romans 9:11 – Choosing Jacob, not Esau, before birth. Ephesians 1-3 concentrate on the glory of God as brought about by the gospel—the glory of God in His church. When we understand that God chose us and predestined us to be His children, we will be caught up in wonder, love, and praise. The spiritual blessings Christians have received through Christ ( Eph 1:3) are gratefully enumerated: the call to holiness ( Eph 1:4; cf. LESSON 1 - HANDOUT. Lincoln, Andrew T. 3#2 Cor. He gives a reminder of who and what they are meant to be. To comprehend the three main views of the importance of grace in salvation. W. (Ephesians 1:4 RSV) That is Number 1: It goes back before the beginning of time, before the foundation of the universe. But in Paul’s day, proorizo was a simple, everyday word that meant “predetermined,” or “purposed” or even “designed” or “planned. Then He created our world before He created us. The Goal of Divine Election and Predestination. c. Scriptures That Teach Predestination. In love (5) he predestined us to be his adopted sons through Jesus Christ, by his own will and desire (Ephesians 1:4c-5) The apostle informs us that “in love” God predestined us. Salvation, Holy Spirit, predestination, redemption, faith, and Jesus are just a few of the doctrines which Paul covers. John Chrysostom: Homily VII. As he commences his letter to the saints in Ephesus, Paul declares that God: “chose us in him [Christ]  Dec 6, 2018 Question: Ephesians 1 refers to believers as predestined before the foundation of the world. we have been chosen and predestined (Eph 1:4-5), just as it is in him that we have (John Eadie, A Commentary on the Greek Text of the Epistle of Paul to the. Those are not saints who are not faithful, believing in Christ, firmly adhering to him, and true to the profession they make of relation to their Lord. Explanations of predestination often seek to address the "paradox of free will", whereby God's omniscience seems incompatible with human free will. redemption, justification, call of the Gentiles, predestination, and the glorification of Christ, and his body, the Church. They are similar ideas, but with one key difference. Jesus is God's elect man and all are potentially elect in Him (Karl Barth). In no sense of the word and at no stage of the work does salvation depend upon the will or work of man or wait for the determination of his will. Matthew 19:1-15 Part 1 ~ The Proper Interpretation of Divorce Part 1 The Most Important Spiritual Principle of the Christian Faith What do the seven stars represent in the book of Revelation? We are a community of confessing believers who love the gospel of Jesus Christ, affirm the Biblical and Christ-exalting truths of the Reformation such as the five solas, the doctrines of grace, monergistic regeneration, and the redemptive historical approach to interpreting the Scriptures. (2013). 2) “Knowing, brethren beloved by God, His choice of you,” 1 Thessalonians 1:4 Bible Study in Ephesians. Election and predestination, which are the secret springs whence the  Charles Erdman in his commentary on the Ephesians says it is commonly God predestined or predetermined that the believers in Christ be adopted as his  A. Romans 8:14-17 – Exposition of our “sonship” in Christ. 60-63. (Ephesians 1:3-11). ◄ Ephesians 1:5 ►. Commentary by St. Mar 8, 2018 Election and Predestination: Some Musings by Dr. Ephesians 1:3-10 Exploring the Passage. In love He predestined us. Paul prays that God would give the church a spirit of wisdom and revelation (1:17) B. 1:9; 1 Cor. " The parallel of Piper’s structure and that found in Ephesians is strikingly similar. God's Freedom to Elect: Deuteronomy 7:6–8; Ephesians 1:11. We are appointed and destined to a life of real purpose and vivacity. Ephesians 1:5having predestined us to adoption as sons by Jesus Christ to Himself, according to the good pleasure of His will, 3. Paul is  This page offers a detailed Biblical explanation of Ephesians 1:4-6, and shares related pages The next verse in Ephesians says God predestined Christians. The Bible, as we are going to see, talks about predestination. MacArthur follows closely the writer's development and reasoning. 6. Spiritual Blessings in Christ Ephesians 4:1 starts off the second portion of the Book of Ephesians. Through the Hebrew prophets, EPHESIANS 1 COMMENTARY. D&C 132:6–7; Bruce R. Col 1:22 ); the gift of divine adoption establishing a unique spiritual relationship with God the Father through Christ ( Eph 1:5; cf. We are all, by nature, God’s enemies, and we deserve His wrath. “Predestination” or foreordination is not God’s activity prior to election but an elucidation of purpose. See commentary on Ephesians 1:3, “in Christ. The first three chapters of Ephesians expound on the very core foundations of faith which we have as believers. Mar 11 Ephesians 1-3: Ephesians Commentary Dictionary, and Books: Ephesians Study Guide, Chuck Smith From God, To God, Craddock: PRAYER: "I keep asking that the God of our Lord Jesus Christ, the glorious Father, may give you the Spirit of wisdom and revelation, so that you may know Him better. ” Echoing this idea, Ephesians 1:4-5 states, “He chose us in Him before the foundation of the world, that we would be holy and blameless before Him. leARning oBJeCTiVeS 1. Consider - Romans 8:29-30. 2) “Knowing, brethren beloved by God, His choice of you,” 1 Thessalonians 1:4 Donations for the month of August: We have received a total of "$30" in donations towards our goal of $175. Ephesians 1:11 also we have obtained an inheritance, having been predestined according to His purpose who works all things after the counsel of His will, The Westminster Confession of Faith - "All those whom God hath predestined unto life He is pleased, in His appointed and accepted time, effectually to call by His Word and Spirit. Study the bible online using commentary on Ephesians 1:5 and more! Predestination, taken in a large sense, includes both election and reprobation, and  Hence, in all cases, it leads back to the idea of Predestination, that is, of the conception of But the close parallel in Ephesians 1:11, “according to the counsel  May 8, 2013 Lesson 4: Predestined to Adoption (Ephesians 1:5-6). They both believed that the Apostle Paul had written the letter, and both also “endorsed the widespread patristic understanding of the Bible as the word of God. I would like to offer an interpretation that I believe remains true to the understanding of Scripture yet brings a mostly unknown understanding to today’s Christians. Ephesians 1:1-2 Reading the Passage Your Christian Identity – Ephesians 1:1-2 1 Paul, an apostle of Christ Jesus by the will of God, to the saints who are in Ephesus and who are faithful in Christ Jesus: (2) Grace and peace to you from God our Father and the Lord Jesus Christ. Redemption in Christ. Ephesians 1:3-4 – Election and Predestination. Church of Christ Sermon Outline on Ephesians 1:3-12 - Predestination - Do You meaning of "determine beforehand," "ordain," "to decide upon ahead of time. Romans 8:29-30 – Classic verse on predestination. A list of the best commentaries on Ephesians ranked by scholars, journal reviews, and site users. Posts about Predestination written by R K Bingham Bob's boy's Christianity blog For you know the grace of our Lord Jesus Christ, that though he was rich, yet for your sake he became poor, so that you by his poverty might become rich (2 Corinthians 8:9) Predestination, in theology, is the doctrine that all events have been willed by God, usually with reference to the eventual fate of the individual soul. This concept makes void every passage in the Bible that teaches human responsibility. b. Possibly they relate to Christ’s love and the believers’ being able to grasp it to the greatest extent possible. Paul, an apostle of Christ Jesus by the will of God, To the saints who are in Ephesus and are faithful in Christ Jesus: 2 Grace to you and peace from God our Father and the Lord Jesus Christ. The message of Ephesians 1:4 is that He chose people to become Christians. 1 1:1 Some manuscripts saints who are also faithful (omitting in Ephesus) 2 1:5 Or before him in love, having predestined us 3 1:9 Or he lavished upon us in all wisdom and insight, making known . What makes possible our salvation? (Ephesians 1:7) (see How Did Jesus Christ Die?) 4. Did Paul speak of some who were chosen before the creation of the world? (Ephesians 1:4) (see The Seven Days Of Creation) 3. The Biblical Solution to Christianity’s Predestination Paradox. Ephesians 1:3-10 v. A general account of the blessings that the gospel reveals. Eph. 3, wherein the Apostle had said that God had blessed us with all spiritual blessings in heavenly things in Christ. Isa. “By the decree of God, for the manifestation of His glory, some men and angels are predestinated unto everlasting life, and other foreordained to everlasting death” (Article III ). Ephesians. After establishing the context of a passage, Dr. In chapters 4-6, he outlines the responsibilities associated with that status. King James Version (KJV) < Previous Verse. Ephesians Chapter 1 Welcome to the first of six studies on the Book of Ephesians. (1 John 3:2) The Bridegroom (Christ) is looking in expectation for His Bride (the Church). Please Define Predestination in Ephesians 1:11,12. Ephesians 1:4-5, 11 indicate that “God chose us before the foundation of the world” and that “he predestined us to be adopted as sons (and daughters) and to an inheritance…” This has been understood as either God foreknowing or foreseeing that he would save you or that God pre-ordained your salvation ahead of time. Paul's language of election, choosing, and predestination in Ephesians 1, seen . But, there is hope! Find out how you can be at peace with God for eternity as John MacArthur shows you fifteen words that sum up the most powerful truth in all of Scripture. When we trust Christ as our Savior, we become His children: “But as many as received him, to them gave he power to become the sons (Greek, teknon, meaning—“a child”) of God, even to them that believe on his name. The indication is that the epistles to the Colossians, Philemon and the Ephesians were 1) “ You did not choose Me but I chose you, and appointed you that you would go and bear fruit, and that your fruit would remain, so that whatever you ask of the Father in My name He may give to you. Ephesians 1:5: HE PREDESTINED US to adoption as sons through Jesus Christ to Himself, according to the kind intention of His will. “Predestined” is an extension of the “that” clause in “that we should be holy and blameless” of verse four. 2. 1:3–2:10. And it has already begun. Most people believe that you have to be one or the other, a Calvinist or an Arminian. Ephesians 5:1 Be ye therefore followers of God, as dear children; Ephesians 5:2 And walk in love, as Christ also hath loved us, and hath given himself for us an offering and a sacrifice to God for a sweetsmelling savour. eph 1:5. In this case, the larger is the population of the earth, and the smaller number is that tiny remnant God has been working with - His church, His group, His family. By Wayne Jackson. com - Ephesians 1 Sermons. Eph 1:4-6 is clouded with confusion, below is a sense of the passage. Ephesians 1 Commentary, One of over 110 Bible commentaries freely available, this commentary is one of the most respected interdenominational commentaries ever written. Body I. Predestination simply identifies the point prior to time when God determined that He would elect. God’s predestination of the Jewish believer did not come by whim or caprice; it came from His purpose and will, not chance. Ephesians 1:4 was a key verse on election, this is a key verse on predestination. ” This goal is God’s will pertaining to the Christian’s character. In his commentary on Ephesians 1:5-6, Thomas sketches out six characteristics of predestination: “First, it is an eternal act, he hath predestinated; secondly, it has a temporal object, us; thirdly, it offers a present privilege, the adoption of children through Jesus Christ; fourthly, the result is future, unto himself; fifthly, its manner [of being realized] is gratuitous, according to the purpose of his will; sixthly, it has a fitting effect [end], unto the praise of the glory of his The key to this theological tension may be found in Eph. Runners Up: There are a number of other helpful commentaries on the book of Ephesians. He predestined us to adoption as sons through Yeshua the Christ to Himself, according to the kind intention of His will, Ephesians 1:5 NASB "He predestined us"— the Greek word translated predestine is proorizo ; it is the word from which we get our English word horizon. [For more on the Calvinist position, see Appendix 8, “On Calvinism and Predestination”]. A Professor and former 5-Point Calvinist Discussing the Doctrines of Salvation, Election, Predestination, and God's Amazing Grace. EPHESIANS 1:4-6. Ephesians is an amazing descriptive letter about God’s election and His predestining of believers that describes God‘s calling of us before the earth even existed. — The People's New Testament by B. ” This phrase refers to our spiritual union with Jesus Christ. Neh 8:8 – They read in the book… gave the sense… and caused them to understand b. They are as follows: Apostles, Prophets, Evangelists, Predestination: Committed to Dishonor—Fitted For Destruction, Romans 9:21,23,22, Romans 8:29 Ephesians 1:10. God Has A Day For His Return. Enclosed within the Book of Ephesians is the discipline needed to develop into true children of God. 53:6 and several other OT texts quoted in Rom. Ephesians 1:1 Paul, an apostle of Jesus Christ by the will of God, to the saints which are at Ephesus, and to the faithful in Christ Jesus: Ephesians 1:2 Grace be to you, and peace, from God our Father, and from the Lord Jesus Christ. (Ephesians 1:5-6 RSV) Listen to Pastor Robert Furrow as he continues his Commentary on Ephesians picking up today in chapter 1, verse 1. Ephesians is a profound book, and our own Dr. org, 2015. Bible Study Notes in Ephesians- Chapter 1 Ephesians 1 -Ephesians is a pervasively positive letter of Paul’s in tone explaining what we might call a spiritual biography of all those who are in Christ by faith for salvation. Ephesians 5:1-14 (Ephesians 5:1) Therefore be imitators of God, as beloved children, The Apostle Paul wrote about Christian belief and faith in Ephesians chapters 1-3. Johnson (1891) Wesley's Notes on the Bible — Wesley, John (1703-1791) Word Pictures in the New Testament - Ephesians — Robertson, Archibald Thomas (1863-1934) Hymns Predestination and election are both biblical teachings. Then, in Ephesians chapters 4-6, Paul continued with his practical and moral application of the Christian faith. We turn now to The Epistle of Paul to the Ephesians, one of the greatest letters of the New Testament. II. “Having predestinated us unto the adoption of children by Jesus Christ to himself, according to the good pleasure of his will,”. 1:3 Blessed be the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, who hath blessed us with all spiritual blessings in heavenly places in Christ: 1:4 According as he hath chosen us in him before the foundation Predestination for God's Glory: A Study of Ephesians 1:3-14. Father!” Abba was a Hebrew term of endearment meaning, “Daddy,” or “Papa. Ephesians 1:5 Parallel Verses [⇓ See commentary ⇓]. As the doctrine of eternal predestination has produced much controversy in the Christian world, it may be necessary to examine the meaning of the term, that those who do use it may employ it according to the sense it has in the oracles of God. Even the old Greek interpreters were divided upon it, and either sense will suit this passage. ”1 Ephesians 1 is often used as a proof-text by Calvinists and Classical Arminians to support the doctrine of predestination of individuals being elected to eternal salvation. Ephesians 1:1-23. Knowing the Bible study series, the Preaching the Word commentary series, and   Salvation. Ephesians 1:5,11 - We are predestined according to His will, according to His purpose. If God predestined people to become Christian and one must be a Christian in order to go to heaven, then God must also predestine people to go to hell since people are either Christian or they are not. 1:6a, 7c, 9b), as God's mercy is the key to the other passage on predestination, Romans 9-11. In particular, believers are blessed because God chose, before creation, to save us. C. But having carefully studied both, I am proud to say I am neither. Through the indwelling Holy Spirit the believer has the power not to sin anymore and to live cleanly according to God's Will. The classic verse is Ephesians 1:4-5, As he chose us in him before the foundation of the world, that we should be holy and unspotted in his sight in charity. He is here speaking of that wisdom and revelation which are common to all real Christians. " This set has 50 questions taken from Ephesians chapter 1. it is also true that before the world was created, God choose to love only a few people and destine them to eternal life in the kingdom of heaven (Matthew 7:13-14; Romans 9:6-23; Ephesians 1:4). Paul's meaning is that the Gentiles should be included into the promises and  Ephesians 1:5 and 11 declare, “He predestined us to be adopted as his sons the meaning of “determining beforehand,” “ordaining,” “deciding ahead of time. Ephesians 4:11-14 lists the ministry gifts bestowed by Christ Himself on the Church. Structure: (This follows the NIV except for minor changes to heighten awareness of the Greek structure and the occasional improvement) Praise be to the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ Who has blessed us in the heavenly realms with every spiritual blessing in Christ in accordance with the fact that he chose us in him before the 2Grace to you and peace from God our Father and the Lord Jesus Christ. 15,16 - Name 2 things. Calvinism is named after the Reformer John Calvin, and Arminianism is named after the Reformer James Arminius. "They who go to the physician's have not merely to go there and nothing further; they have to learn how to treat themselves, and to apply remedies. God is omnipresent, giving Him the ability to be everywhere at one time ( Psalm 139:1-12 ). But here, beginning in the following verses through Paul’s writings, God reveals an astonishing plan. Ephesians Chapter 1 - This is the first of six Bible study worksheets - one for each of the six chapters of the Book of Ephesians. Bible Verses on Predestination. But the close parallel in Ephesians 1:11, “according to the counsel ( deliberate purpose) of His will,” turns the balance in favour of the former rendering. ephesians 1 commentary predestination

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