Nas port forwarding

Raman Spectroscopy Applications
 
||| |||

To return to the start of the Guide, please click the above image or click here. Type the port number in the Starting Port box and type the same port number in the Ending Port box. There is no doubt about that. 2. ) use port numbers on the NAS and the network router. 0. You can also forward to a different port - i. I can manually set the IP of the NAS and then the gateway, but the NAS will not connect to the internet that way. Then, select "Advanced" and you If you have just upgraded to DSM 5. To fully understand this add-on, you’ll need to learn how Port Forwarding works. Learn how to set up port forwarding on your Xfinity Gateway. Log into your router and configure the router's NAT application (port forwarding) settings. In this guide we show you how to properly open a port for the Asus RT-N66U router. Set Up Port Forwarding on Your Xfinity Gateway. g 9999) which listens for connections and sends all traffic that is destined to this local port over to the remote NAS SSH server. I have the bad idea to rename the nas, (a Linkstation LS-CHL) and set some Set Up Port Forwarding Rules for Router to Access your Synology NAS. Guide How to Turn Your 2 Port Synology into a Router. net:8283 if you chose to forward port 8283. port 8080 on the WAN is forwarded to port 80 on your internal web server. If your NAS is located behind the NAT router, you need to open the port numbers on the router for remote access to the NAS. Automatic port forwarding is turned on by default and the port numbers are the same for both the NAS port and Router port columns. You can forward port 80 from your WAN IP address to your internal webserver, for example. Thus, port forwarding allows access to your NAS or server or whichever service you host from the outside. g. e. Step 6: Enter the IP Address of the computer to which this rule applies. org confirms that. Your Asus RT-N66U router has a basic How to Set Up Port Forwarding on a Router. I just applied the upgrade and enabled WebDAV for my share. The router still functions. Port forwarding is a technique that is used to allow external devices access to computers services on private networks. A port forwarding set is a list of inside (behind NAT on the LAN) servers, for example, web or FTP, that you can make visible to the outside world even though NAT makes your whole inside network appear as a single computer to the outside world. If your Synology NAS is within the local network, you can set up port forwarding rules for the router to allow your Synology NAS to be accessible over the Internet. & understand port forwarding reasonably well. Windows Firewall is a utility included with all recent versions of Windows. The following example configures ZyXEL NBG-418N v2's port forwarding to send traffic to the NAS. There are two ways to set up port  You opened the ports properly. Step 14. If your Synology NAS device is on a local area network, other devices on the Internet cannot connect to it. Navigate to Configuration > Security Policy > Policy Control and add a new rule: From WAN to LAN, Destination NAS IP, Service HTTP_NAS, Action Allow 5. this is to safeguard you against millions of botnets and port scanners that will scan your ip for commonly Wat is UPnP en Port-forwarding nu eigenlijk en waarom gebruiken we het: Wil jij een apparaat op jouw eigen netwerk vanaf het Internet kunnen benaderen, dan moet de "bewegwijzering" goed ingesteld zijn. Single Port Forwarding will only allow you to specify one (1) port for forwarding. Port Forwarding allows external devices to pass through your router's firewall for services such as a web server (using Port 80), FTP server (Port 21), gaming or any other designated applications. The problem is the NAS links (if you inpect the link, a href of what oyu are clicking)  10 Nov 2011 [ Further reading: Best NAS boxes for media streaming and backup ]. Port 22 – SSH Port 873 – RSYNC Both of the above mentioned ports need forwarding to the local DNS-320L address as follows: Remote NAS Setup Step 2 – Enter web GUI of the NAS by entering the IP address into a web browser . What is Port Forwarding? Port forwarding is a mechanism used in IPv4 to allow a computer, smartphone, or other device (the SOURCE) outside your Comcast HSI connection to connect to a device on your LAN (the DESTINATION). seagate. Port forwarding, also called port mapping, is a networking process, NAT/PAT, to allow a remote computer, from the Consistently, after a few days of running, I lose the port forwarding. Click here for instructions. Enter your NAS box’s IP address in the “IP Address” field. You can set up port forwarding   I have set up owncloud on my NAS and would like to access it from outside my I now even added the USG as exposed host in addition to the port forwarding. Type the port numbers in the Internal Starting Port and Internal Ending Port fields. msc at the Run window. Here are the steps I took: Gave NAS a static internal IP (192. ROG Strix GeForce® RTX 2080 OC edition 8GB GDDR6, made for driving 4K display resolution and VR. Think of your internet as a highway, and the ports are different lanes. Just got this weird email from my NAS, I know there was a OS update a few days ago, can it be related? Could this be something else? Dear user, Due to changes in default gateway settings, the feature of port forwarding rules has been enabled. Considering the importance of this feature, PureVPN has released a Port-Forwarding add-on which allows you to use Port Forwarding and PureVPN simultaneously. I found the VPN ports to be sketchy for a while but then suddenly "started working". However, we also need to allow the port of our choice on the Windows Firewall, for the port forwarding to work. Enabling Port Forwarding Using myQNAPcloudNote: This option only works if your router supports UPnP. Turning Cloud Service off and back on again forces the NAS to freshly obtain the port forwarding IP address again, but so will rebooting the NAS accomplish this. My NAS also has remote access enabled so port 5000 forwards to the NAS. Basically you can use PuTTY (SSH client) to create an SSH tunnel with the NAS using local port forwarding. Op Internet draait alles om IP adressen en poorten. Port forwarding is a function of network routers that allows a user to configure specific communication ports to be routed to devices on an IP (Internet Protocol) network, such as a computer, DVR, or IP camera. How do I set up port forwarding to a local server on my NETGEAR router? Was this article helpful? Yes No | 2 people found this helpful in last 30 days When you open the port in the NAS control panel it shoudl automatically create a rule in your router if its recognized first. This is a sub-page of the Network Troubleshooting Guide. If UPnP is enabled, most programs can configure port forwarding for you automatically. I'm not trying to set up port forwarding to forward some ports to a synology nas. com for example--it starts by asking the IP address of www. dd-wrt. Passive FTP port - 55536 ~ 56559 by Add Port 50000 and name it as desired 4. ” Information of the NAS is shown. The summary includes port forwarding rules that were set manually and by UPnP devices. When your computer makes a call on the internet--trying to load www. This allows a device outside your network to Nov 22, 2013 To be able to access your Synology NAS DS713+ on the internet or use the Synology packages, Click on “Advance” and “Port Forwarding”:. The Port Forwarding option in our Windows, Mac, Linux and Android software can be used to potentially optimize torrent performance. The internet works using two main address units: the IP Address and the port. com/as/en/support/kb/using-ftp-to-access-your-personal-cloud-006134en Jan 2, 2015 Hello, Before purchasing your service I would like to make sure that the following is possible: Install VPN on a Synology NAS (DS414) with Port  Port Forwarding is done so the data for Internet applications can pass through the firewall of the router or gateway. The IP address of the NAS is 192. I dont understand either why the Internet loses connection, the lights on the front of the router are all still lit so you would not know by looking at the router that there is no connection, however when i reset the router the internet connections comes back (as seen on my PC's). In order to enable port forwarding in our PIA app, first disconnect from the VPN. Port forwarding is a super-useful concept in networking, one whose greater REMOTE ACCESS YOUR SYNOLOGY NAS VIA QUICKCONNECT, EZ INTERNET OR PORT FORWARDING: In this article, you are going to learn how to access all of your data inside your Synology via Remote Access. Ports are virtual pathways and you can create rules that can block or forward inbound data packets to specific devices on your local network. Port forwarding would probably work, if set up on the wifi router. Fastest Asus RT-N66U Router Port Forwarding Steps. DiskStation Manager - Knowledge Base | Synology Inc. In this case for CCTV equipment, it allows the user to view and control CCTV equipment remotely. Router. 2 Jan 2019 From the note you wrote, enter the current port (443) and the new one (33435), along with the forwarding rule's name and the NAS's IP address. If not, just create it manually in your router. To understand port forwarding you need to understand what a TCP/IP port is and how ports and IP addresses are used together. I am trying to use it as my VPN, but when I set up port forwarding on the router I am not having any luck. Port forwarding can be configured in Advanced settings in the eero app. Setting up VPN Connections to Your QNAP NAS. Configuring Port Forwarding on a Buffalo AirStation. Router is the popular Dlink DIR-655. Is there any alternative way? Install VPN on a Synology NAS (DS414) with Port Forwarding. The only way you can access a LAN service from outside the local network is via the WAN. Next, enter the internal IP address of the device you are port forwarding to and click “Apply” or “Save” to store the changes. I looked at the list of opened ports (using nmap) and couldn't find which corresponds to WebDAV. Port forwarding in layman’s term is simply to direct a port on your WAN IP (wide area network) to a port on your LAN IP (local area network). 168. Home Tech Setting up VPN Connections to Your QNAP NAS. If the issue is related to your router, you will need to access its administration page in order to forward a port (by default, 8080). To get the proper Plex traffic in and out of your network, you will need to set up port forwarding on your router pointing to your server. Despite the differences in location on different router software, the general input is the same. After setting up the port forwarding rule, we are done with the router, and we can close the web interface. You should have access to your NAS via WAN. After applying the port forwarding Then enter the port you are forwarding in the port field. UPnP en port-forwarding spelen een essentiële rol in deze "bewegwijzering". NETGEAR Support. Network Attached Storage (NAS) for home and business, Synology is dedicated to providing DiskStation NAS that offers RAID storage, storage for virtualization, backup, NVR, and mobile app support. Use whichever port(s) your NAS uses, then the wifi router behaves as a NAS for outside clients. I’m going to spin up a Plex server on my gaming PC to rule out any issues caused by Plex running on a QNAP NAS. To set up port forwarding, click a dropdown for your model of Hub. The problem: As long as My Book Live is connected to the router, the public ip that should take me to the site, takes me to the log in of My Book Live. Note: Manually configuring port forwarding may not be necessary with UPnP (Universal Plug and Play). I want to remote access the Management GUI. If you are considering hosting services (web service, FTP service, game server) on your home network computers accessible from the Internet, then port forwarding is a prerequisite. I have used another VPN provider (PIA). Step 1: Login to the Netgear router via the default gateway address. For non-pre-defined applications, enter a Name for the rule, and enter the desired port rage under the Public Port and Private Port sections. showing relevant tailored adverts to you across all Sky services and platforms. It is commonly used in gaming, security camera setup, voice over ip, and downloading files. How to forward ports in a network with more than one router. After you have forwarded a port you are said to However, the NAS automatically uses the same default gateway as my Netgear router. Select the protocol type to be used from the Traffic Type drop-down menu. Note: Before you start, make sure you have manually assigned a static IP address for your Synology NAS. HTTP then required port 5001. The fastest way to get access to the Windows Firewall is by pressing the Windows key + R and typing wf. I am extremely grateful for your help, by the way! When hovering over the red buttons, it reads "Port # is already in use on your router, or your router is not compatible with the UPnP-IGD/NAT-PMP protocol" Trying to setup a basic port 22 forwarding to a Synology NAS unit, and unfortunately not having any luck. Hi, Recently got a new router, and now the port forwarding isn't 50500-50599 using both protocols and have them point to your NAS IP. We also have the following related guides: Asus RT-N66U v5 Sabai; Pick the guide that most closely matches your router. There are two ways to set up port forwarding on your QNAP NAS. Your Asus RT-N66U router has a basic Port forwarding (sometimes called PAT - Port Address Translation) is similar, but it functions on the port level. 40000 - 49999). . So I have a NAS. The nas is set up with a static IP address out of the DHCP scope. For Port Forwarding Troubshooting, see Port Forwarding Troubleshooting. Re: Router BGW210-700 Port Forwarding This video helped me set up access to my camera even though I have a BGW210-700 (instead of NVG589). What is the port number used by QNAP NAS? Posted by Alan Huang on 06 December 2011 04:45 PM. 1194 is the default port used by OpenVPN. When the ports of NAS are forwarded by the router, the data stream will not go through the relay site but directly to your device. Step 3 – Enter the password and click on “Login”. Port forwarding. Type the IP address in the Internal IP address field or select the radio button for an attached device listed in the table. Yes you can’t avoid port forwarding but its better to use it for a VPN and expose your NAS to the Internet than your security cameras. PuTTY creates a local port on your PC (e. I am wondering how should I connect to the WebDAV server, the port 80 or 443 (over SSL) don't respond to WebDAV commands. If you disable UPnP port forwarding, the Network Box stops forwarding incoming requests to ports for which UPnP port forwarding rules are in effect. The myQNAPcloud service is a function which provides host name registration, mapping of the dynamic NAS IP to a domain name, and auto port mapping of UPnP router on the local network. 190) from router; Added port forwarding to my NAS (from router), port 21, specificed 192. 190 as redirect IP for both TCP and UDP Hi guys, I am new to configuring the Edgemax Lite router and need some help. 1. To set up port forwarding, follow these steps: Open the eero app on your phone; Tap on the hamburger menu icon in the top left corner How to Setup Remote Access for NVR Description. You can remove port mappings by selecting them and clicking the Remove button. I cant access my NAS Does anyone know which ports/group of ports NAS DUO work. Clicking this button forwards the ports on your router – they’ll appear in the Port mappings box at the top of the window. The port forwarding should be correct, and external services like canyouseeme. Port forwarding (sometimes called PAT - Port Address Translation) is similar, but it functions on the port level. Download and install zCloud on your smart phone, then select Find a NAS. Port forwarding is properly set port 80 for site and port 21 for ftp. This is the open port guide for the Asus RT-N66U. To be able to access your Synology NAS DS713+ on the internet or use the Synology packages, you need to open some ports on your router. Using FTP to Access Your Personal Cloud | Seagate Support ASEAN www. Home > Screenshots > Netgear > D2200D-1FRNAS > Port Forwarding 28 Nov 2018 With port forwarding, you can enter your myQNAPcloud URL on a web browser to access your NAS. 25) of the Synology NAS. switch) to get a gigabit link between my NAS and laptop, but also to have internet through that link, since Again i would recommend forwarding a non standard port from your router to your apache box's port 80 which would mean outside your network you will have to access it like this: myapacheserver. Right-click the PIA Tray icon and select "Settings". Web Access port forwarding failed News: Buffalo provides Data Recovery services. With port forwarding, you can enter your myQNAPcloud URL on a web browser to access your NAS. I could disable the NAS firewall all together and if I didn’t have port forwarding enabled on my router you’d still not be able to access my NAS. To forward a port on a D-Link router, follow these steps: Fire up your  Bevor Sie die Verbindung vom Synology NAS zu einem UPnP-Router einrichten, Jeder Port des Gateway-Routers kann nur für eine Weiterleitungsregel  Router Configuration. It allows you to apply rules on your router to  Dec 19, 2018 By setting up port forwarding rules, routers will apply these rules to send requests Scenario 1: You only have a LAN PC/NAS as a FTP server. Port Forwarding feature is used when you want to access your device directly from outside your network. Help to set up port forwarding with Sky Broadband. I have connected a QNAP TS-451+ NAS behind my router. Step 15. Sincerely, Synology DiskStation Port forwarding presets you specify will appear in the Port mapping presets box. If you later re-enable port forwarding, your UPnP devices must set up new port forwarding rules. Port Forwarding • Manually setup port wording on your router (It will be different depends on your router) 19. Re: Port Forward for NAS drive Yes I am copying over the LAN. Step 2: Select “Advanced” and then “Port Forwarding/Port Triggering. The BGW210 doesn’t allow port forwarding to a specific IP address and I tried doing Port forwarding on the BGW210 and my Netgear router to my Plex server running on my QNAP Nas. remote access (see MyNAS), download machine, etc. This is why when you enable CloudStation on the NAS you also have to enable port forwarding on port 6690 in your router regardless of what you may have set in your NAS firewall. but when i acces Port forwarding may be required on your router. com for the webpage. The service is now in the list on the Port Forwarding/Port Triggering page. Set Up Port Forwarding Rules for Router to Access your Synology NAS. Why Set Up Port Forwarding Different types of traffic will require a specific port to drive in and out of your local network. It includes options to open and close ports, allow specific ports and programs through the firewall, which is the equivalent of port forwarding on a Windows Server or Windows VPS that is not behi Port forwarding is necessary in order to access your computer remotely. ddns on my nas (success) and port forward at my router. Enter “80” for both the TCP and UDP ports. Still traffic doesn't get where it's supposed to. Although I was able to install VPN on the NAS OK, on PIA VPN it is extremely difficult to find the forwarded port and communicated that to the Bit Torrent of the NAS. A standard port to access Synology NAS HTTP is port 5000. So let's say my external IP is 80. This function is available on most routers in the market and is often known as “Port Forwarding”, “NAT Server”, or “Virtual Server”. Remember the NAS is purpose designed to act as a VPN server and hardened against hackers. I can not access my LG NAS from outside of my network now. I was told to try and set up Port Forwarding on the router, but I'm wondering if anyone has an idea on how to change the default gateway on the NAS. Select “TCP/UDP” or “Both” under Protocol if you are unsure which protocol you are using. Type the IP address of the device in the Server IP Address box. FTP - 21 by default and configurable. I've done all that!! Many times! The Port Forwarding page shows the same numbers as the NAS and additionally, the uPnP table shows the NAS with the correct numbers. 80. My router is tp link 8968 and i can access my router on 80 and no ssl. Port Forwarding allows remote computers (for example, computers on the Internet) to connect to a specific computer or service within a private local-area network (LAN). UPnP is enabled, port forwarding is enabled, but I must be missing some other setting that is blocking me from accessing it from work for example. However my WD My Cloud Home won’t work in Port Forwarding mode. I also tried setting up a user, unsuccessfully. If your router supports port forwarding with port translation, one tip I have is to choose an external port that is not 1194. Most online gaming Applications will require you to configure port forwarding on your home router. If you want to forward multiple ports, you may perform Port Range Forwarding. See the steps below. 0 or bought a synology recently, you can enable QuickConnect to access your synology on the internet without setting port forwarding on your router. If you cannot create a port forwarding try with port-trigger. I did switch on UPnP in my router settings and the NAS has a permanent IP assigned. 4. Select a preset and click the Use button to activate it. Port Forwarding . Step 2 – Port Forwarding from your NAS to your router. Hi all, Firstly id like to say that my experience with the cmd side of things is limited at best  Overview This article describes how to configure port forwards on a UniFi Security Gateway, and how to troubleshoot them if not working Port forwarding can be configured in Advanced settings in the eero app. 0, DSM 6. If not, could you try it as a test to validate ActionTec's port forwarding is you've tried to surf internally to the IP address of the network port on the NAS from a PC   Hi All, I'm trying to get a VPN working and port forwarding working together, but stuck! I have an issue where if my NAS gateway (Control panel  Oct 6, 2017 QNAP NAS with 2 Foscam C1 V2 IP cams. The network is still "up" because the camera still FTPs and Emails me according to its schedule, but I cannot talk to it. The Let’s Encrypt service verifies that you are entitled to an SSL certificate for the host name of your NAS by connecting to port 80 on the NAS and checking for a special web page that the NAS creates temporarily during the certificate installation process. According to the website I should be opening port 80 (for the web interface), port 443 (HTTPS), 20 and 21 for FTP and some random range for torrent downloading (I kinda don't need it, but I did it anyway). Save the rule and now if possible, test the NAT rule from a different remote network. Spanning 2. If you are using QuickConnect ID definitely would be safer compare to router port forwarding method because you have to manage your router security better if you are doing it your way. The other method is to setup router port forwarding. I am only concerned with port forwarding feature in Settings/General/Cloud Access and have written here often about the loss of cloud access. This website uses cookies Cookies help us give you a better service e. I can tell that because I can access it on port 161 (BT's service port) but it will not respond on any other port. To set up port forwarding, follow these steps: Open the eero app I'm having problem adding access to a NAS inside my network and I can't seem to understand why. Once logged into the ShareCentre Management Page, go to Remote I've included screenshots of both the NAS port errors as well as an example of a port entry in the AirPort utility. The BT Hub is configured to handle that data transmission automatically, but sometimes you may want to create your own port forwarding rules. I own a D-Link router, so I will show how to do it there. A typical Comcast residential user network might look something like this: In this diagram, a Cable subscriber (you) has a Port Forwarding for the Netgear D2200D-1FRNASRouter Sceenshot Back to the Netgear D2200D-1FRNAS. Click the Apply button. If you do not port forward your router, you will only be able to access your device on the internal network. Port Forwarding allows you to enter ports or port ranges to forward Internet applications from the ZyXEL C3000Z modems WAN interface to a LAN device. I've created a  Jul 27, 2019 Port forwarding allows a device to get through your firewall through a specific port . I plan on using the NAS for torrenting. – jpaugh Jan 23 '12 at 4:26 @jpaugh: I've edited my question to reflect my most recent discoveries. Use the myQNAPcloud wizard to register a unique host name for the NAS, configure automatic port forwarding on the UPnP router, and publish NAS services for remote GeForce® GTX 1080 Ti is the fastest gaming GPU that delivers 35% faster performance than the GeForce GTX 1080 How to Configure Port Forwarding on a Router for Remote Access to QNAP NAS? Posted by Alan Huang on 06 December 2011 04:51 PM. SMB, AFP, NFS), and application services (e. It does appear to be a bug (or poor design). Port Forwarding is an important feature which allows you to access a device or server from anywhere. Trying to setup FTP to my Synology NAS (in sig). Port Forwarding • If router is NOT compatible with myQNAPCloud or UPnP Port Forwarding is not turned on 18. I just noticed four UPnP port forwarding rules listed going to my DS413j and none going to my DS1517+. Advanced Troubleshooting: UPnP, Port Forwarding, and NAT Ty I have it working with my VPN (L2TP). I have been trying to figure out why I can't port forward any of the ports on the synology NAS (6690, 5005, 80, 5000, 32400-plex media server, etc). This wikiHow teaches you how to open a specific port on your router so that an application can access your network. Please help!!! Hi Community, I’m quite new to the whole NAS and port forwarding topic but did a lot of reading. I think the solution to get it to work was to pull my Synology router out of the closet and threaten to plug it in. Once the port is opened for the NAS, MyNAS can gain access to it anywhere with a connection to the Internet. 5 (confirmed in NAS properties tab) I have entered this directly into the routers port forwarding section along with the relevant ports to open already and counldn't access NAS via FTP. So a NAS will act as your VPN server, and you have to forward just one UDP port from your router to your NAS. Hello all, I am stuck. Why would you need to enter the IP address of the NAS if you are using dyndns ? saying this I have also tried this already as an option. I've read through plenty of guides on the firewall, and plenty of documentation regarding the NAS, and I outright don't know where the issue is or what I can do to solve it. Information of the NAS is shown. The port forwarding configuration and CloudLink can co-exist. I however my router can’t forward large port ranges (i. Port forward setup for incoming requests for port 443 (SSL port of the NAS) to LAN static IP of the  Jul 29, 2019 This article will explain what port forwarding is and how to use it on your in-home network. I am not familiar with UPnP so I am working on educating myself, but I do not see anything that explains why these forwarding rules were automagically created and what purpose they serve. Internet access, file services (e. Port forwarding behind two routers can be tricky but we will show you how! Jul 13, 2016 Port forwarding my ubuntu NAS to access remotely. Could you enlighten me? In the port forwarding menu on our router, we’re going to create two new port forwarding rules: one for the Subsonic music server and one for a new Minecraft server we just set up. This article will show you how to set up port forwarding on a Belkin router. DNS 320 works on Port 80 but no other. Basic info: Port #2 is the WAN of course, Protected server is the hostname/IP (172. February 21, 2017 Tech. Opening specific ports can allow games, servers, BitTorrent clients, and other A port forward is a way of making a computer on your home or business network accessible to computers on the internet, even though they are behind a router. Almost universally, you’ll name the port forwarding rule. I have the My Book Live connected to the Linksys E2000 via ethernet. Can you setup port forwarding or enable UPnP port forwarding? The answer is yes, you can. You need to actually configure port forward on your router. If you already have QuickConnect enabled, you dont need to configure it again, unless you want to set up an easy-to-remember ID. If you really enjoy this article, consider checking out my TechWizTime YouTube Channel. 17. The firewall rules need to be set up so that you can access the cameras from the Internet. Follow your broadband router or gateway’s instructions to forward the 1194 UDP port from the NAS to an external port. NOTE: If you want to set up Single Port Forwarding through your Linksys cloud account, click here to learn how. 80 and the NAS's internal IP is 192. Rpi NAS port forwarding Sat May 13, 2017 9:53 pm I have build a NAS/media center, and I would like to forward the Nas to the rest of the world so I can download and upload files from my NAS's harddrive. I put the port forwarding (443 ssl) on my router to my nas. 7-slots, the ROG Strix GeForce® RTX 2080 keeps Turing™ chilled with a massive heatsink, Axial-tech fans, and MaxContact technology. nas port forwarding

f5qv, 69h0g0, uogyt9t, kui, vwbu, d9ln, own5u, dvd9, qdw8, 9eyvp, ktsr,